NEWTON’S LAW OF COOLING USING CALORIMETER
To study the relationship between the temperature of a hot body and time by plotting a cooling curve.
Copper calorimeter with stirrer, one holed rubber cork, thermometer, stop clock, heater / burner, water, clamp and stand
Newton’s law of cooling states that the rate of change of the temperature of an object is proportional to the difference between its own temperature and the ambient temperature. (i.e., the temperature of its surroundings)
dT/dt → Rate of change of temperature (°C)
T → Temperature of water (°C)
T0 → Room Temperature (°C)
· Note the room temperature as (T0) using the thermometer.
· Hot water about 90°C is poured into the calorimeter.
· Close the calorimeter with one holed rubber cork
· Insert the thermometer into calorimeter through the hole in rubber cork
· Start the stop clock and observe the time for every one degree fall of temperature from 80°C
· Take sufficient amount of reading, say closer to room temperature
· The observations are tabulated
· Draw a graph by taking time along the x axis and excess temperature along y axis.
ROOM TEMPERATURE (T0) = _______°C
Measuring the change in temperature of water with time
The cooling curve is plotted and thus Newton’s law of cooling is verified.