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# Network Topologies

Network Topology is the schematic description of a network arrangement, connecting various nodes (sender and receiver) through lines of connection.

Network Topologies

Network Topology is the schematic description of a network arrangement, connecting various nodes (sender and receiver) through lines of connection.

## BUS Topology

Bus topology is a network type in which every computer and network device is connected to a single cable. All devices are connected to a common backbone. Maximum nodes that can be attached are 30.

### Features of Bus Topology

1. It transmits data only in one direction.

2. Every device is connected to a single cable.

1. It is cost effective.

2. Installation of device is easy.

3. Cable required is least compared to other network topology.

4. Used in small networks.

1. If backbone breaks then whole network fails.

2. It is difficult to isolate problems due to single cable.

3. If network traffic is heavy or nodes are more the performance of the network decreases.

4. Cable has a limited length.

## STAR Topology

In this type of topology all the computers are connected to a single hub/switch through a cable. This hub is the central node and all others nodes are connected to the central node.

### Features of Star Topology

1. In this type, every node has its own dedicated connection to the hub.

2. The hub acts as a repeater for data flow.

1. The performance is fast with few nodes and low network traffic.

2. The hub can be upgraded easily.

3. It is easy to troubleshoot, to setup and modify.

4. Only the failed node will get affected, and the rest can work smoothly.

1. If the hub fails then the whole network is stopped because all the nodes depend on the hub.

2. It requires more cable length.

## TREE Topology

This type of topology is arranged in the form of a tree structure in which top level contains parent node (root node), which is connected with the child nodes in the second level of hierarchy. The second level nodes are connected to the third level nodes, which in turn are connected to the fourth level nodes and so on. Except the top-level nodes, each level node has a parent node. It is also called hierarchical topology.

### Features of Tree Topology

1. It is ideal if workstations or nodes are located in groups.

2. It can be used in Wide Area Network.

1. The expansion of nodes is possible in this type.

2. It will be easily managed and maintained.

3. The error detection can be done easily.