Marxist Theory of Democracy
The Marxist theory views the democracy in the
social context of class analysis during the era of industrial revolution.
Society was divided into two classes viz: capitalists or owners of the property
are called as ‘bourgeois’ and the working class is called as ‘proletariat’. The
Marxist theory of Democracy held the political position to always challenge the
dominance of capitalists and against the exploitations of working class. The
Marxist theory of democracy did not support electoral rights, but strongly
supported economic rights and the creation of ‘socialist democracy’.
The Marxist theory of Democracy favoured the
collapse of capitalism and calls for the revolutionary transformation of the
society. It believes that political power is possible only through the ideals
of ‘socialism’; and is based on the equal distribution of economic power
against the unequal wealth and ownership of production. The Marxists democrats
and socialists believe in the removal of class differences and privileges are
the necessary step to freedom, equal status and democracy.
The socialists believed that with universal
education people can govern themselves. The Marxist theory criticises the
falseness of the liberal democracies are thus seen as ‘capitalist’ or
‘bourgeois’ democracies which are manipulated and controlled by the entrenched
power of ruling class. The Marxist theory emphasises the importance of economic
factor as the key factor for the class divisions and ownership and the control
of the means of production. However the Marxists democrats in Europe support
the strong role of electoral democracy to establish a peaceful, legal and
democratic road to socialism.
Democratic Marxists view (a)
State as an agency of anti-people crimes and considered the abolition of
standing army and instituting a citizen’s militia, Implement the election of
all officials subjecting them to recall, (c) Totally remove the political
attribute of police, (d) Eliminate the monarchy.