Unit – 8
Compare maps and globes
Identify the components of maps
Know the methods of representation of scale
Describe how signs and symbols are used on maps
Understand different types of maps
Maps and globe are important tools
for Geographers. Maps help geographers compare places and relate people’s
activities to the locations where they live. Cartographers use various methods
to make maps as precise as possible .They design maps in a way that they can be
read and understood by people throughout the world.
What is a map?
A map is a visual representation of
an entire or a part of an area, typically represented on a flat surface. The
work of a map is to illustrate specific and detailed features of a particular
area, most frequently used to illustrate geography.
Map reading is an act of
interpreting or understanding the geographic information portrayed on a map. By
map reading, the reader could be able to develop a mental map of the real-world
information by processing the symbolized information shown on maps.
Diﬀerence Between a Map and a Globe.
Map is different from the globe. Map
gives a two dimensional Representation of certain regions or the entire world
while a globe gives a three dimensional Representation of the entire world and
it is a miniature form of the earth (model of the earth).
The study and practice
of many facets of maps and map making is called Cartography. It can be
described as the art and science of map making.