PLANNING AND DESIGNING OF HOUSING PROJECT
1) Define Demands for houses?
House is the first unit of society and it is the primary unit of human habitation.
House built to get protection against wind, weather and against physical security of all kinds. It is one of the basic needs of human.So houses are demanded more as per the growth of population.
2) What are-the importances of housing?
v House is place where one can rest, sleep, cook, food and live.
v In general housing has great external and potentiality in promoting human welfare, social life, economical growth, health of community and various other related aspects of human life.
v Major parts of means life time is spend in his house.
3) What are the problems in housing?
v Initial investment
v Other problems
4) what are the factors depending upon the nature of demand for housing?
v Availability of cheap finance
v Availability of skilled labors
v Availability of transport facilities
v Cost of labor and materials
v Prediction of future demand
v Rate of interest on investment
5) Define site analysis or site selection?
Site selection is the process of selecting a site or plot with respect to availability of various facilities in the site. The analysis of any site for different factor is called site analysis, The number of building availability but necessary to select the particular site to the proposed housing scheme.
6) What are the factors based on merits and demerits of all the building sites?
v Cost of land
v Availability of public utility such as water, electricity, sewage disposals.
v Contour of land in relation to building cost.
7) What are the requirements of a layout?
v Layout should be flexible
v The layout should contains the requirement of number of housing units and required number of houses
v The Layout should contain proper load facilities that is from the main road it should be easily approachable
The Layout should contain the area reserved for area reserved for residential purpose, parks, playground recreation place, school, community centre, street system, water supply, and drainage and communication facilities.
8) What are the factors governing the dimension of layout?
The factors are size, width, shape and orientation. The factors governing above are:
v Provide adequate size of building, suitable to the need of the user
v Accommodate or arrange the plots and sizes, dimensions, as per the requirement.
v Provide convenient accesses, circulation control open space safety of street traffic
v Due consideration to the limitation and opportunity of topography
v Adjustment of boundary of land connection with the layout
9) Define sanitary lanes?
v When most sewer line exist the sanitary lane or path may be provided with minimum width of 3.6 m i.e. for disposal of refuse in the bank side of the house plot.
10) What are the recommendations of layout govern by NBC?
v The layout plan should be drawn with a scale of 1: 1000.
v All the plots and layout should have a public (or) private means of access.
v The layout should be accessible to public street width not less than 6m.
v For residential and commercial zone all layout of land measuring 0.3 hectares (3000 m2) and more.