analysis is an element in site planning and design is an inventory completed as
a preparatory step to site planning, a form of urban planning which involves
research, analysis, and synthesis. It primarily deals with basic data as it
relates to a specific site. The topic itself branches into the boundaries of
architecture, landscape architecture, engineering, real estate development,
economics, and urban planning.
analysis is defined as the analysis of the site with respect to many factors
involved in construction. It is the analysis of various features or advantage
available for a site.
ELEMENTS OF SITE ANALYSIS
elements go into a given site analysis. These elements include location,
neighbourhood context, site and zoning, legal elements, natural physical
features, man-made features, circulation, utilities, sensory, human and
cultural, and climate components. The following elements typically are
considered in most sites:
Location: The site
should be related to 1major streets or landmarks
existing. Aerial photographs help in this assessment stage.There should be
documentation of distances and time from major places. This should be completed
by either driving or walking the distance first-hand.
Neighbourhood context: Zoning of
the neighbourhood is important and information of this type can typically be found at the municipal planning
department of the site. Numerous issues at this stage require direct observation.
Features of this sort include architectural patterns, street immediate
surroundings of the site. The reaction of the surrounding buildings towards the
site and people moving around should be analysed. Other important components of
the neighbourhood context include an analysis of existing paths (pedestrian,
cyclist, and vehicle), landmark and nodes. Landmarks are distinctive sites that
provide way-finding for people in the area, and which define the character of a
neighbourhood. Nodes are key public gathering palces that encourage people to
linger and socialize.
Size and zoning: Site
boundaries can be located by either verifying the dimensions physically or contacting the country
tax assessor's office. Zoning classifications, set-backs, height restrictions,
allowable site coverage, uses, and parking requirements are obtained zoning
classifications from a zoning map, which can be located from the city planning
social, and political boundaries.
Legal : Typical
legal information can be obtained from the dead to the property, The deed is held by the owner of the title
insurance such as the property description, present ownership, and the
governmental jurisdiction the site is located in, and the city or county.
features:Most of this
information will be
derived from the topographic features on the site.
A contour map
of this magnitude can
be located from the survey engineer. Drainage problems as
well as existing natural features of trees,
ground texture, and soil conditions on the site should be directly observed.
Man made features: Features
located on the site such as buildings, walls, fences, patios, plazas, bus stop shelters should be
noted. The site and location of such features should be directly measured,
Documentation of existing historical districts should be made, some of which
may already have reports completed. Locating this information can be done
through the municipal planning department for the site.
Circulation: the uses
of streets, roads, alleys, sidewalks, and plazas are important in this inventory step. It is not necessarily
an analysis of these circulation gateways.
for utilities concerning the site can be found through the utility departments and companies in the local
area. Generally this company has a print of the drawing of this information
needed. Information in this print includes the location of all utilities and
their locations around or on the site itself.
Sensory: Much of the sensory information
collected will be done through firsthand
experience. This type of information is obtained from sketching and
photographs (sometimes aerial photographs). Direct observation of other sensory
elements of noise, odors, smoke, and pollutant areas must also be completed.