Health Problems of India:
Every country has its own health problems depending upon the
standard of living of its people, size of the population, geographical location
of the country, etc. India is a vast country with an area of 3.2 million square
kms and a population of 1027 million (2001). The health problems of such a vast
country must also be large in magnitude. The health problems of India may be
classified as below:
Communicable Disease Problems
Environmental Sanitation Problems
Medical Care Problems
National Health Policy:
Ministry of Health and Family welfare evolved a National Health Policy in 1983
in view of the national commitment to attain the goal of Health for all by the
year 2000. The health strategies suggested include restructuring the health
infrastructure, development of health manpower, research and health
broad recommendations of health policy
to establish one health subcentre
for every 5,000 rural population (3,000 in tribal and hilly areas) with one
male and female health worker.
to establish one primary health
centre for every 30,000 rural population (20,000 in hilly and tribal areas).
to establish Community Health
Centres, each serving a population of one lakh.
to train village Health Guides
selected by the community for every village or 1,000 rural population.
to train traditional birth
attendants or Dais in each village.
Training of various categories of
other staff, e.g. multipurpose workers.
These schemes are expected to ensure the availability to
adequate infrastructure and medical and paramedical manpower to take us nearer
the goal of universal provision of primary health care as envisaged in the
National Health Policy.
The National Health Policy laid down specific goals to be
achieved by 1985, 1990, 1995 and 2000 AD. The National Health Policy has given
a new direction to health planning in India, making primary health care the
central function and the main focus of the national health system. The goal of
national health planning in India was to attain health for all by the year
Since then there has been
significant changes in the determinant factors relating to the health sector,
necessitating revision of the policy, and a new National Health Policy -2002