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Chapter: 10th Mathematics : Statistics And Probability

Exercise 8.4: Addition Theorem of Probability

Maths Book back answers and solution for Exercise questions - Mathematics : Probability: Addition Theorem of Probability: Exercise Problem Questions with Answer

Exercise 8.4

1. If P (A) = 2/3 , P (B) = 2/5 , P (A  B) = 1/3 then find P (A Ո B) .



2. A and B are two events such that, P (A) = 0. 42,  P (B) = 0.48 , and P ( B) = 0.16 .

Find

(i) P,(not A)

(ii) P,(not B)

(iii) P,(A or B)



3. If A and B are two mutually exclusive events of a random experiment and P(not A) = 0.45, P (U B) = 0.65, then find P (B).



4. The probability that atleast one of A and B occur is 0.6. If A and B occur simultaneously with probability 0.2, then find P () + P () .



5. The probability of happening of an event A is 0.5 and that of B is 0.3. If A and B are mutually exclusive events, then find the probability that neither A nor B happen.



6. Two dice are rolled once. Find the probability of getting an even number on the first die or a total of face sum 8.



7. From a well-shuffled pack of 52 cards, a card is drawn at random. Find the probability of it being either a red king or a black queen.



8. A box contains cards numbered 3, 5, 7, 9, … 35, 37. A card is drawn at random from the box. Find the probability that the drawn card have either multiples of 7 or a prime number.



9. Three unbiased coins are tossed once. Find the probability of getting atmost 2 tails or atleast 2 heads.



10. The probability that a person will get an electrification contract is 3/5 and the probability that he will not get plumbing contract is 5/8. The probability of getting atleast one contract is 5/7. What is the probability that he will get both?



11. In a town of 8000 people, 1300 are over 50 years and 3000 are females. It is known that 30% of the females are over 50 years. What is the probability that a chosen individual from the town is either a female or over 50 years?



12. A coin is tossed thrice. Find the probability of getting exactly two heads or atleast one tail or two consecutive heads.



13. If A, B, C are any three events such that probability of B is twice as that of probability of A and probability of C is thrice as that of probability ofA and if P (A ∩ B) = 1/6.  ( C) = 1/4, P ( C) = 1/8, P ( B C) = 9/10, P ( B C) = 1/15, then  find (A), P (B) and P (C) ?



14. In a class of 35, students are numbered from 1 to 35. The ratio of boys to girls is 4:3. The roll numbers of students begin with boys and end with girls. Find the probability that a student selected is either a boy with prime roll number or a girl with composite roll number or an even roll number.



Answers:

1. 11/15

2. (i) 0.58 (ii) 0.52 (iii) 0.74

3. 0.1

4. 1.2

5. 0.2

6. 5/9

7. 1/13

8. 13/18

9. 73/280

10. 17/40 

11. 1 

12. 11/48, 11/24, 11/16


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