7th Maths : Term 3 Unit 4 : Geometry : Miscellaneous Practice problems, Challenge Problems, Text Book Back Exercises Questions with Answers, Solution

**Exercise
4.3**

** **

__Miscellaneous Practice
problems__

**1. The bishop, in given picture of chess
board, can move diagonally along dark squares. Describe the translations of the
bishop after two moves as shown in the figure.**

**Solution: ** For first move: 2→, 2↓; **F**or second move: 5←, 5 ↓

** **

**2.
Write a possible translation for each of chess piece for a single move.**

**Solution: **

Pawn – 1 ↑ or 2 ↑

Rook – 1 to 8 ↑

Knight – 2→, 1↑ or 2←, 1↑ or 1→, 2↑ or 1←, 2 ↑

Bishop – 1→, 1↑ or 2→, 2↑ or 3→, 3↑ or 4→, 4↑ or 5→ 5↑ 1 ←, 1↑ or
2 ←,2↑ or 3←,3↑ or 4←,4↑ or 5← 5↑

Queen – 1 to 8 ↑, 1→, 1↑ or 2→, 2 ↑or 3→, 3 ↑or 4→, 4↑or 5→, 5↑
or 1←, l↑ or 2← , 2↑ or 3←, 3 ↑or 4←, 4↑ or 5←5↑

King – 1 → or ←or ↑

** **

**3.
Referring the graphic given, answer the following questions. Each bar of the category
is made up of boy-girl-boy unit. (i) Which categories show a boy-girl-boy unit that
is translation within the bar? (ii) Which categories show a boy-girl-boy unit that
is reflected within the bar?**

**Solution:**

**(i)** Essay Writing category shows translation

**(ii)** Essay Writing and Mono Acting categories shows reflection

** **

**4.
Given figure is a floor design in which the length of the small red equilateral
triangle is 30 cm. All the triangles and hexagons are regular. Describe the
translations in cm, represented by the (i) yellow line (ii) black line (iii)
blue line.**

**Solution: **

**(i)** 120cm →, 210cm↓

**(ii)** 270 cm ←, 330cm↑

**(iii)** 150 cm →

** **

**5.
Describe the transformation involved in the following pair of figures (letters).
Write translation, reflection or rotation.**

**Solution: **

**(i)** rotation **(ii)** reflection
**(iii) **translation** (iv) **reflection** (v) **rotation **(vi) **reflection
**(vii)** rotation **(viii) **translation

** **

__Challenge
Problems__

** **

**6.
In chess, a knight can move only in an L-shaped pattern: **

**●
two vertical squares, then one horizontal square;**

**●
two horizontal squares, then one vertical square; **

**●
one vertical square, then two horizontal squares; or **

**●
one horizontal square, then two vertical squares.**

**Write
a series of translations to move the knight from g8 to g5 [at most two moves].**

**Solution: ** 2←, 1↓ and then 1←, 2↓, (or) 2←, 1↓ and then 1
←, 2 ↓

** **

**7.
The pink shape is congruent to blue shape. Describe a sequence of transformations
in which the blue shape is the image of pink shape.**

**Solution:**

**(i)** Translation 3←, 5↑ and 90° counter clockwise rotation about the
green point and translates 5←, 2 ↓

**(ii)** Translation 2← 90° counter clockwise rotation about the green
point and translates 2←, 2↓.

** **

**8. **

**Solution:**

** **

**9.
Draw concentric circles given that radius of inner circle is 4.5 cm and width of circular ring is 2.5 cm.**

**Solution:**

Give radius of inner circle = 4.5 cm

Width of circular ring is 2.5 cm

Radius of outer circle = 4.5 + 2.5 = 7 cm

**Step 1 :** Drawn a rough diagram and marked the given measurements

**Step 2 :** Taken any point O and marked it as the center.

**Step 3 :** With O as center and drawn a circle of radius OA = 4.5 cm.

**Step 4 :** With O as center drawn a circle of radius OB = 4.5 + 2.5 = 7 cm.
Thus the concentric circles C_{1} and C_{2 }are drawn.

Width of the circular ring = OB – OA

= 7 – 4.5 = 2.5 cm

** **

**10.
Draw concentric circles given that radius of outer circle is 5.3 cm and width of circular ring is 1.8 cm.**

**Solution:**

Give radius of outer circle = 5.3 cm

Width of circular ring = 1.8 cm

Radius of the inner circle = 5.3 – 1.8

= 3. 5cm

**Step 1 :** Drawn a rough diagram and marked the given measurements

**Step 2 :** Taken any point O and marked it as the center.

**Step 3 :** With O as center drawn a circle of radius OA = 3.5 cm.

**Step 4 :** With O as center, drawn a circle of radius OB = 5.3 cm. Thus
concentric circles C_{1} and C_{2} are drawn. Width of the
circular ring = OB – OA

= 5.3 – 3.5 = 1.8 cm

** **

__ANSWERS:__

**Exercise 4.3**

**Miscellaneous Problems**

1. For first move:
2→,2↓; For second move: 5←,5↓

2. Pawn – 1↑ or 2↑

Rook – 1 to 8 ↑

Knight – 2→,1↑ or 2←,1↑ or1→,2↑ or 1←,2↑

Bishop – 1→,1↑ or 2→,2↑or 3→,3↑or 4→,4↑or
5→5↑1←,1↑ or 2←,2↑ or 3←,3↑ or 4←,4↑ or 5←5↑

Queen – 1 to 8 ↑, 1→,
1↑ or 2→,2↑ or 3→,3↑ or 4→,4↑ or 5→,5↑ or 1←,1↑ or 2←,2↑ or 3←,3↑ or 4←,4↑ or
5←5↑

King – 1→ or ← or ↑

3. (i) More brains
category shows translation

(ii) More brains
category shows reflection

4. (i) 120*cm*→,210*cm*↓ (ii) 270*cm*←,330*cm*↑ (iii) 150*cm*→

5. (i) rotation (ii)
reflection (iii) translation (iv) reflection (v) rotation (vi) reflection (vii)
rotation. (viii) translation

**challenge Problems**

6. 2←,1↓ and then 1←,
2↓ (or) 2←, 1↓ and then 1←,2↓

7. (i) Translation
3←,5↑ and 90° counter clockwise rotation about the green point and translates 5
←, 2↓

(ii) Translation 2←90° counter clockwise rotation about the green point and translates 2←,2↓

8.

Tags : Questions with Answers, Solution | Geometry | Term 3 Chapter 4 | 7th Maths , 7th Maths : Term 3 Unit 4 : Geometry

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7th Maths : Term 3 Unit 4 : Geometry : Exercise 4.3 | Questions with Answers, Solution | Geometry | Term 3 Chapter 4 | 7th Maths

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