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Chapter: Electronic Devices and Circuits - Multistage Amplifiers and Differential Amplifier

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Differential Mode Operation - Differential Amplifier

In the differential mode, the two input signals are different from each other. Consider the two input signals which are same in magnitude but 180" out of phase.

Differential Mode Operation

 

In the differential mode, the two input signals are different from each other. Consider the two input signals which are same in magnitude but 180" out of phase. These signals, with opposite phase can be obtained from the center tap transformer. The circuit used in differential mode operation is shown in the Fig..


Assume that the sine wave on the base of Q 1is positive going while on the base of Q 2 is negative going. With a positive going signal on the base of Q 1, m amplified negative going signal develops on the collector of Q1. Due to positive going signal, current through R E also increases and hence a positive going wave is developed across R E. Due to negative going signal on the base of Q2, an amplified positive going signal develops on the collector of Q 2. And a negative going signal develops across R E, because of emitter follower action of Q 2. So signal voltages across R E, due to the effect of Q1 and Q2 are equal in magnitude and 180o out of phase, due to matched pair of transistors. Hence these two signals cancel each other and there is no signal across the emitter resistance. Hence there is no a.c. signal current flowing through the emitter resistance.

Hence R E in this case does not introduce negative feedback. While Vo is the output taken across collector of Q1 and collector of Q 2. The two outputs on collector L and 2 are equal in magnitude but opposite in polarity. And Vo is the difference between these two signals, e.g. +10 - (-10) = + 20.

 

Hence the difference output Vo is twice as large as the signal voltage from either collector to ground

 

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