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Chapter: Modern Medical Toxicology: Neurotoxic Poisons: Anticonvulsants and Antiparkinsonian Drugs

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Classification of Anticonvulsant (Anti-Epileptic) Drug

Anticonvulsants are drugs which fight convulsions (seizures) of both the epileptic and non-epileptic variety.

ANTICONVULSANTS (ANTI-EPILEPTICS)

Anticonvulsants are drugs which fight convulsions (seizures) of both the epileptic and non-epileptic variety.

Classification

·              Hydantoins: phenytoin, mephenytoin, ethotoin

·              Barbiturates: phenobarbitone, mephobarbitone

·              Deoxybarbiturates: primidone

·              Iminostilbenes: carbamazepine

·              Succinimides: ethosuximide

·              Oxazolidinediones: trimethadione, paramethadione

·              Benzodiazepines: clonazepam, clorazepate, diazepam, lorazepam

·              Other Anticonvulsants: valproic acid, gabapentin, lamotrigine, vigabatrin, acetazolamide, felbamate, topiramate, zonisamide The toxicity of barbiturates and benzodiazepines has

·              already been discussed in earlier. Of the remaining anticonvulsants.

 

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