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Changing font style, size and color
The <font> tag is used to change the style, size and color of text. It is also a container tag. It is generally used for changing the appearance of a short segment of text. Before using <font>, you should have the knowledge about fonts.
A font is a named set of certain style of character and number. Each font looks different from other fonts. Generally some fonts are used for specific purpose. For example, Times New Roman is a style of font usually used for preparing office documents. Arial is another font style which is used for publishing work. Variety of fonts available in internet at free of cost.
Generally, a browser shows the contents as default system font setting. Every system has different font setting with another system.
The general form of <font> tag with attributes:
<font face= “font_name” size=value color=color_name / color_code>
Text to be displayed
• The face is an attribute to set different font style. The name of a font has multiple words it should be specified within double quote.
• The size attribute is used to set size of the text. The size can have an absolute value from 1 to 7. These predefined sizes are known as virtual size. Each virtual size is successively 20% larger than the previous one.
The color attribute is used to set the color to the text. As you leant earlier color name or color code in hexadecimal may be used.
<title> Changing Font Properties </title>
<font face="Arial Black" size=1 color=red> Font Size 1 </font> <br>
<font face="Arial Black" size=2 color=blue> Font Size 2 </font> <br>
<font face="Arial Black" size=3 color=green> Font Size 3 </font> <br>
<font face="Arial Black" size=4 color=yellow> Font Size 4 </font> <br>
<font face="Arial Black" size=5 color=pink> Font Size 5 </font> <br>
<font face="Arial Black" size=6 color=red> Font Size 6 </font> <br>
<font face="Arial Black" size=7 color=blue> Font Size 7 </font> <br>
Note: The <font> tag is not supported by HTML5.
As you learnt already, the face attribute of font tag is used to change font style of a segment of text. In face attribute, you can assign more than one font-name at a time within double quotes with comma. For example,
<font face = "Bookman old style1, Broadway1, Forte, Arial">
Welcome to HTML
Browser first tries to find out whether the font-name in the list is supported or not. If the first font is not supported by the browser, then it displays the text in second font, otherwise it will display next one. If no font in the list is supported, then the browser display the in the default font.
In the above code, consider the font names “Bookman old style1” and “Broadway1” are not supported by any browser. (Because, the names has been changed). So, the text “Welcome to HTML” will be displayed in “Forte” style. If your browser not supported “Forte” font, the text will be displayed in “Arial” font, otherwise the browser shows the text as in default font setting. In the case of Internet explorer, the “Times New Roman” is the default font to display the contents.
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