Agriculture has always been the
backbone of our country’s economy. Ever since the Green Revolution, we have
been cultivating different types of crops to cater the increasing demand. In
our country the following three categories of crops are grown.
The crops which are sown in the
rainy season (i.e., from June to September) are called kharif crops. Paddy,
maize, soya bean, groundnut and cotton are kharif crops.
The crops grown in winter season
(i.e., from October to March) are called rabi crops. Examples of rabi crops are
wheat, gram, pea, mustard, linseed.
Zaid Crops (Summer Crops)
The crops which are grown in summer
season are called zaid crops. Muskmelon, watermelon and cucumber are examples
for zaid crops.
According to utility, crops are
classified as below.
Paddy and maize are cultivated for
These are useful for livestock
consumption. E.g. Sorghum, millets
These crops are used for cordage and
textile. E.g. Cotton and hemp
Oil crops are useful in a large
scale for consumption or industrial uses. E.g. Ground nut and sesame.
These are utilized for landscape
gardening. E.g- Croton and Bougainvillea.
Our country is the
largest producer of bananas and mangoes in the world. It is also the second
largest producer of wheat and rice.
Mention few examples
for Kharif, Rabi and Zaid crops cultivated in your area.