As we all know due to deforestation
the climate is changing alarmingly in these days and there is no seasonal
rainfall. Because of this many cities are facing water scarcity and many of the
lands are becoming barren. Water is needed for life to exist on the earth. So,
we need to grow forests. Afforestation is the process of planting trees, or
sowing seeds, in a barren land to create a forest. Afforestation helps us to
create the forests differently from natural forests.
The term social
forestry was first used in 1976 by the then National Commission on Agriculture,
Government of India. It means the management and protection of forests and
afforestation on barren land with the purpose of helping the environment,
social and rural development. It is to raise the plantations thereby reducing
the pressure on the traditional forest area.
The world is experiencing a great
change in the climate in the recent years than ever before. These changes in
the climate have given an alarming signal to everyone. To protect our planet
earth, afforestation would be a better solution. Importance of afforesatation
is given below.
* Afforestation helps the wild
animals and even humans to have shelter and to find their food source.
* Through afforestation we can
increase the supply of oxygen. Trees planted can increase the water vapour in
the atmosphere to get the rainfall.
* By planting trees the amount of
carbon dioxide in the atmosphere can be reduced and thus the effects of air
pollution, green house gases and global warming can be controlled.
* Afforestation enables us to avoid
desertification of land.
founded the Green Belt Movement in Kenya in the year 1977.GBM has planted over
51 million trees in Kenya. She was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for 2004.
* Barren lands experience strong
winds and it causes soil erosion. Top soil is washed away during rainfall.
Afforestation helps to grow more trees so that they can hold the top soil along
with the nutrients.
* Creating forests provides us
fodder, fruits, firewood and many other resources.
* Industries need specific type of
trees. Afforestation helps us to grow a particular type of trees.
afforestation in the class and write a brief report on your discussion.