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Chapter: 12th Accountancy : Retirement and Death of a Partner

Retirement and Death of a Partner | Accountancy | Study Material, Lecturing Notes, Assignment, Reference, Wiki description explanation, brief detail |

Settlement of the amount due to the retiring partner

The amount due to the retiring partner from the partnership firm is the balance of his capital account after making adjustments for goodwill, accumulated profits and losses, profit or loss on revaluation, remuneration due, etc.

Settlement of the amount due to the retiring partner

The amount due to the retiring partner from the partnership firm is the balance of his capital account after making adjustments for goodwill, accumulated profits and losses, profit or loss on revaluation, remuneration due, etc. The settlement is to be done in the manner prescribed in the partnership deed. The amount due to the retiring partner may be settled in one of the following ways:

i.            Paying the entire amount due immediately in cash

ii.            Transfer the entire amount due, to the loan account of the partner

iii.            Paying part of the amount immediately in cash and transferring the balance to the loan account of the partner

The journal entries to be made are as follows:

a.   When the amount due is paid in cash immediately


b.   When the amount due is not paid immediately in cash


c.   When the amount due is partly paid in cash immediately


Retiring partner’s loan account will appear on the liabilities side of the balance sheet prepared after retirement till it is completely settled.

 

Illustration 15

Kavitha, Kumudha and Lalitha are partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 5:3:3 respectively. Kumudha retires from the firm on 31st December, 2018. On the date of retirement, her capital account shows a credit balance of 2,00,000. Pass journal entries if:

i.            The amount due is paid off immediately by cheque.

ii.            The amount due is not paid immediately.

iii.            70,000 is paid immediately by cheque.

Solution


 

Illustration 16

Mani, Rama and Devan are partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 4:3:3.

Their balance sheet as on 31st March, 2019 is as follows:


Solution

Mani retired from the partnership firm on 31.03.2019 subject to the following adjustments:

i.            Stock to be depreciated by ₹ 5,000

ii.            Provision for doubtful debts to be created for ₹ 1,000.

iii.            Buildings to be appreciated by ₹ 16,000

iv.            The final amount due to Mani is not paid immediately

Prepare revaluation account and capital account of partners after retirement.


 

Comprehensive problems

Illustration 17

Charles, Muthu and Sekar are partners, sharing profits in the ratio of 3:4:2. Their balance sheet as on 31st December, 2018 is as under:


On 1.1.2019, Charles retired from the partnership firm on the following arrangements.

(i) Stock to be appreciated by 10%

(ii) Furniture to be depreciated by 5%

(iii) To provide 1,000 for bad debts

(iv) There is an outstanding repairs of 11,000 not yet recorded

(v)  The final amount due to Charles was paid by cheque

Prepare revaluation account, partners’ capital account and the balance sheet of the firm after retirement.

Solution


 

Illustration 18

Raghu, Ravi and Ramesh are partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 2:3:1.

Their balance sheet as on 31st March, 2019 was as follows:


Ramesh retires on 31.3.2019 subject to the following conditions:

i.            Goodwill of the firm is valued at 24,000

ii.            Machinery to be depreciated by 10%

iii.            Buildings to be appreciated by 20%

iv.            Stock to be appreciated by 2,000

v.            Provision for bad debts to be raised by 1,000

vi.            Final amount due to Ramesh is not paid immediately

Prepare the necessary ledger accounts and show the balance sheet of the firm after retirement.

Solution



Tutorial note

1. As new profit sharing ratio and proportion of gain is not given, it is assumed that the continuing partners gain in their old profit sharing ratio of 2:3.

2. Ramesh share of goodwill = 24, 000 × 1/6  = 4,000

Goodwill of Ramesh to be borne by

Raghu: 4,000 × 2/5 = 1,600

Ravi  : 4,000 × 3/5 = 2,400


Illustration 19

Muthu, Murali and Manoj are partners in a firm and sharing profits and losses in the ratio 3:1:2. Their balance sheet as on 31st December, 2018 is given below:


Manoj retires on 31st December, 2018 subject to the following conditions:

(i) Muthu and Murali will share profits and losses in the ratio of 3:2

(ii) Assets are to be revalued as follows:

Machinery 43,000, stock 27,000, debtors 28,000.

(iii) Goodwill of the firm is valued at 30,000

(iv) The final amount due to Manoj is not paid immediately

Prepare necessary ledger accounts and the balance sheet immediately after the retirement of Manoj.

Solution


Note:

(i) Computation of gaining ratio

Share gained = New share – old share


Therefore, the gaining ratio of Muthu and Murali is 3:7

(ii) Adjustment for goodwill

Goodwill of the firm = ₹ 30,000

Share of goodwill to Manoj = 30,000 × 2/6  = ₹ 10,000

It is to be adjusted in the capital accounts of Muthu and Murali in the gaining ratio of 3:7

That is,

 

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