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Chapter: 12th Accountancy : Admission of a Partner

Admission of a Partner | Accountancy | Study Material, Lecturing Notes, Assignment, Reference, Wiki description explanation, brief detail |

Revaluation of assets and liabilities

When a partner is admitted into the partnership, the assets and liabilities are revalued as the current value may differ from the book value.

Revaluation of assets and liabilities

When a partner is admitted into the partnership, the assets and liabilities are revalued as the current value may differ from the book value. Determination of current values of assets and liabilities is called revaluation of assets and liabilities. The reasons for revaluation of assets and liabilities are as follows:

i.            To give a true and fair view of the state of affairs of the firm and

ii.            To share the gain arising from the revaluation of assets and liabilities as it is due to the old partners.

There are two ways in which the revaluation of assets and liabilities may be dealt with in the accounts.

a)     Revised value of assets and liabilities are shown in the books

b)    Revised value of assets and liabilities are not shown in the books

 

1. When revised value of assets and liabilities are shown in the books

Under this method, the assets and liabilities are shown at their revised values in the books and in the balance sheet which is prepared immediately after the admission of a partner. A Revaluation account is opened to record the increase or decrease in assets and liabilities. Revaluation account is also called Profit and loss adjustment account. It is a nominal account. Revaluation account is credited with increase in value of assets and decrease in the value of liabilities. It is debited with decrease in value of assets and increase in the value of liabilities. Unrecorded assets if any are credited and unrecorded liabilities if any are debited to the revaluation account. The profit or loss arising therefrom is transferred to the capital accounts of the old partners in the old profit sharing ratio. If the total of the credit side of the revaluation account exceeds the total of the debit side, the difference is profit on revaluation. If the total of the debit side of the revaluation account exceeds the total of the credit side, the difference is loss on revaluation.

Following are the journal entries to be passed to record the revaluation of assets and liabilities:


Format of Revaluation Account:


*There will be either profit or loss on revaluation.

 

Illustration 4

Rajesh and Ramesh are partners sharing profits in the ratio 3:2. Raman is admitted as a new partner and the new profit sharing ratio is decided as 5:3:2. The following revaluations are made. Pass journal entries and prepare revaluation account.

a)     The value of building is increased by 15,000.

b)    The value of the machinery is decreased by 4,000.

c)     Provision for doubtful debt is made for 1,000.

Solution



 

Illustration 5

Sriram and Raj are partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 2:1. Nelson joins as a partner on 1st April 2017. The following adjustments are to be made:

i.            Increase the value of stock by 5,000

ii.            Bring into record investment of 7,000 which had not been recorded in the books of the firm.

iii.            Reduce the value of office equipment by 10,000

iv.            A provision would also be made for outstanding wages for 9,500.

Give journal entries and prepare revaluation account.

Solution



 

Illustration 6

Raghu and Sam are partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3:2. Their balance sheet as on 31st March, 2017 is as follows:


Prakash is admitted on 1.4.2017 subject to the following conditions:

a)     He has to bring a capital of 10,000

b)    Machinery is valued at 24,000

c)     Furniture to be depreciated by 3,000

d)    Provision for doubtful debts should be increased to 3,000

e)     Unrecorded trade receivables of 1,000 would be brought into books now

Pass necessary journal entries and prepare revaluation account and capital account of partners after admission.

Solution



 


Illustration 7

Anand and Balu are partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 7:3. Their balance sheet as on 31st March, 2018 is as follows:


Chandru is admitted as a new partner on 1.4.2018 by introducing a capital of 20,000 for 1/4 share in the future profit subject to the following adjustments:

a)     Stock to be depreciated by 3,000

b)    Provision for doubtful debts to be created for 2,000.

c)     Land was to be appreciated by 10,000

Prepare revaluation account and capital account of partners after admission.

Solution


 

2. When revised values of assets and liabilities are not shown in the books

Under this method, the assets and liabilities are shown at their original values and not at the revised values in the books and in the balance sheet which is prepared immediately after the admission of a partner. The net result of revaluation is adjusted through the capital accounts of the partners. A Memorandum revaluation account which is a temporary account is opened when the revised values are not to be shown in the books of accounts.

 

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