Turbidity: It is the measure of inter frame given by insoluble process of soil organics, mionoorganisms and other materials for the passage of light through water the standard unit is
that which is produced by 1 milligram of finely divided silico in one litre of distilled water the permissible limit of turbidity is 5 to 10units on silica scale.
The turbidity may be measured in the laboratory by following instruments
i. Turbidity Rod
ii. Jackson?s Turbidity meter
iii. Nephelo Turbidity meter
iv. Baylis Turbidity meter
v. Hellige Turbidity meter
JACKSON'S TURBIDITY METER
It is the std. instrument for measuring turbidity. It essentially consists of a calibrated glass tube, a metallic container tube (or holder), a standard candle and a metallic stand. The glass tube is placed in the container and the candle or standard source of light is placed below the container. The water sample B poured slowly in the glass tube until the outline of the candle flume is no longer visible. Readings in terms of Jackson turbidity unit (JTU) are then taken directly from the calibrated tube.
TASTE AND ODOUR
The dissolved organic materials and inorganic salts or
dissolved gases impart taste and odors to the water but for the drinking water
it must not contain any undesirable or objectionable taste and odors. It is
measured in terms of odors intensity which is related with the threshold
number. The Threshold number represents the dilution ration at which the odors
is hardly detectable. For domestic purpose the threshold odors umber is limited
between 1 and 3
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