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Chapter: Digital Logic Circuits - VHDL

VHDL for Serial Comparator

Flip-flop implementation: reset priority, event, rising edge sensitive.

VHDL for Serial Comparator


Things to observe:


1.        Flip-flop implementation: reset priority, event, rising edge sensitive.

2.        If and case -- sequential statements -- are valid only within a process.

3.        Concurrent assignment is a ``process.''

4.        Semantics of a process: sensitivity list, assignments:

5.        b <= a;

6.        c <= b;

does not behave as it would in C.

7.        VHDL architecture broken into three processes:

a)        State storage.

b)       Next state generation.

c)        Output generation.


--  VHDL for serial comparator. The inputs a and b are input lsb first.

--  The Mealy machine uses rising edge sensitive flip-flops and an

--  asynchronous active low reset.


-- The output is 1 if b > a, otherwise 0.

library ieee;

use ieee.std_logic_1164.all;

entity comparator is port

(a, b, clk, reset : in std_logic; o : out std_logic );

end comparator;


architecture process_defn of comparator is


-- Two states needed.


type state_type is (S0, S1); -- State assignment.


attribute enum_encoding : string; attribute enum_encoding of state_type :

type is "0 1";


signal state, next_state : state_type;


-- For convenience, concatenate a and b. signal inputs : std_logic_vector (1 downto 0);




--        Concurrent assignment executes the rhs changes.

--        Concatenate a and b into inputs.

inputs <= a & b;



--        Processes execute whenever something on their sensitivity list

--        changes. All assignments take place when the process exits.



-- This process implements the D flip-flop.


state_register : process (clk, reset) begin


-- If/else construct only valid within a process. if (reset = '0') then

state <= S0;


elsif (clk'event AND clk = '1') then state <= next_state;


end if; end process;



-- This process computes the next state.


next_state_process : process (inputs, state) begin


case state is


when S0 =>


if (inputs = "01") then next_state <= S1;



next_state <= S0; end if;



when S1 =>


if (inputs = "10") then next_state <= S0;



next_state <= S1; end if;


end case; end process;



-- This process computes the output.


output_process : process (inputs, state) begin

case state is


when S0 =>


if (inputs = "01") then o <= '1';




o <= '0'; end if;


when S1 =>


if (inputs = "10") then o <= '0';




o <= '1'; end if;


end case; end process;



end process_defn;




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In the context of software or firmware or hardware engineering, a test bench refers to an environment in which the product under development is tested with the aid of a collection of testing tools. Often, though not always, the suite of testing tools is designed specifically for the product under test.


A test bench or testing workbench has four components.


1.INPUT: The entrance criteria or deliverables needed to perform work


2.PROCEDURES TO DO: The tasks or processes that will transform the input into the output


3.PROCEDURES TO CHECK: The processes that determine that the output meets the standards.


4.OUTPUT: The exit criteria or deliverables produced from the workbench


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