Any interference with the normal
functioning of the brain and the nerves brings about loss of consciousness.
Level of Consciousness
Partial ( Stupor)
Complete ( coma)
Causes of unconsiousness
Poisons - eg. Carbon mono-oxide
See that there is a supply of fresh
air and the air passages are free.
Take the casualty away form harmful
Watch for symptoms of shock
Remove false teeth
Loosen tight clothing up to neck,
chest and waist.
If the breathing has stopped or
about to stop, turn the casualty into the required position and start
If breathing is noisy, turn casualty
to 3 quarter turn position and support in this position with pillows.
If breathing is not noisy, let the
casualty lie on his back, raise the shoulder slightly with the pillow and turn
the head to one side
Watch continuously for any changes
in the condition
Do not leave the casualty until the
Do not give any form of drinks in
On return to consciousness, give little
First aider :
The person who renders emergency
service on the spot until the medical aid is obtained.
A sound knowledge based on first aid
enables a nurse to give skilled services during accidents and sudden illness to
preserve life promote recovery and prevent injury or illness being aggravated
until the medical aid has been obtained.