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Any interference with the normal functioning of the brain and the nerves brings about loss of consciousness. Level of Consciousness
Partial ( Stupor)
Complete ( coma)
Causes of unconsiousness
Poisons - eg. Carbon mono-oxide poisoning
See that there is a supply of fresh air and the air passages are free.
Take the casualty away form harmful gases
Watch for symptoms of shock
Remove false teeth
Loosen tight clothing up to neck, chest and waist.
If the breathing has stopped or about to stop, turn the casualty into the required position and start artificial respiration.
If breathing is noisy, turn casualty to 3 quarter turn position and support in this position with pillows.
If breathing is not noisy, let the casualty lie on his back, raise the shoulder slightly with the pillow and turn the head to one side
Watch continuously for any changes in the condition
Do not leave the casualty until the medical comes
Do not give any form of drinks in this condition
On return to consciousness, give little water.
First aider :
The person who renders emergency service on the spot until the medical aid is obtained.
A sound knowledge based on first aid enables a nurse to give skilled services during accidents and sudden illness to preserve life promote recovery and prevent injury or illness being aggravated until the medical aid has been obtained.
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