Types of Therapeutic baths
Hot water tub bath: Immersion in hot water helps relieve
muscle soreness and spasm. Water temperature should be 45 o to 46 o C.
Warm water tub bath: Bathing in warm water relieves muscle
tension. Water temperature should be 43 o C.
Cool water bath: Bathing in tipid water helps to lower body
temperature when the body temperature is over 40 o C (104 o F).
Water temperature should be 37 o C.
Sitz bath : Cleanses and reduces inflammation of the perineal and anal areas of a patient
who has undergone rectal or perineal surgery or in hemorrhoids or fissures.
Water temperature should be 43 o C to 45 o C.
bath: Cold sitz bath is more effective in relieving pain in the postoperative
Back rub or back massage promotes
relaxation, relieves, muscular tension and stimulates skin
effective back rub takes 3-5 minutes.
Care of pressure points and
prevention of decubitus ulcer
of decubitus ulcer in their patients who are bedridden is a major
responsibility of nurses working in a hospital.
we walk or stand on our two feet, the weight of our body is borne by our feet.
But when an individual is confined to bed, the weight of his body has to be
borne by his back or sides. The skin of the soles of our feet is very tough and
thick and it does not break easily in spite of the entire weight of the body
being supported by it. The nature has designed the sole of the skin for weight
bearing whereas the skin over the back of the body is not. When there is
pressure on the skin of the back because of the weight of the body, the skin
breaks and an ulcer develops.