TIME AND ENERGY MANAGEMENT
Many activities are performed throughout a day. Some of the activities like eating, cooking, exercising, sleeping, bathing and entertaining are also carried out along with work related activities but all these are to be completed within the available time that is 24 hours. If energy will not be rebuilt from time to time the work would cease. The capacity needed to perform these activities is called energy.
Energy is the capacity to do the work. It means that just as available time as a resource is limited, we also have limited amount of energy. So we can say that within limited time we must finish all our work with our limited energy.
Time and energy are the resources available to all the individuals. These two resources are very closely interlinked. Each one affects the other. Although energy available to each one is different but the time available is equal i.e. 24 hours in a day. If the work is needed to be fin-ished properly and on time, it is needed to make best possible use of time and energy. In other words one must learn to manage time and energy properly.
Listing all the activities: List activities that have to be performed on a partic-ular day. These can be eating, sleeping, going to school, school time and com-pleting homework.
Grouping flexible and inflexible ac-tivities: Separate the activities into two types. Those which are flexible like going to market for shopping. The timing and day for shopping can be changed as the situation demands and can be delayed to the next day. The other set of activities are those which are inflexible, like going to school, music or dance classes. The time for performing these activities is fixed and cannot be delayed or changed.
Estimating time required for per-forming each activity: In the list that is prepared in step-1, allot time required for performing each activity. Going to school may take between 7 -10 minutes or 1 hour. School time may be 5-6 hours. Fill in all other works which can be done within a short time in between all the other activities with fixed activities.
Balancing: Balancing is the adjustment of time for each of the activities. This is the most difficult task. After allot-ting time to each of the activities, you might find that the total time required by you to do all the work is more than 24 hours. This is done by the identify-ing the time needed for various activi-ties in a day and allotting the time for each activity based on their priority.
· Make a time schedule which can be easily followed.
· Make a time schedule which is prac-tical and flexible and can be changed easily in emergencies.
· Think of an alternative plan of action for emergency.
· Allow for rest and leisure time activities.
· Combine activities (Dovetail) for bet-ter time utilization of time.
Energy management is a difficult task as the energy expenditure for various activ-ities depends on the individuals physical and mental health. Various efforts are needed to perform different household tasks. They are mental effort, visual effort, manual effort, torsal effort and pedal effort.
During the day, different types of activities are performed requiring differ-ent amount of energy.
i. Heavy activities like running, jog-ging and mopping requires large amount of energy.
ii. Moderate activities like sweeping, ironing and cooking require aver-age amount of energy.
iii. Light activities like reading, watch-ing T.V. and listening to music need very little energy.