The importance of vital sign in health
signs include the physiological
measurements of temperature, Pulse,
BP and respirations. Vital signs are a quick and efficient way of monitoring a
patient' s condition or identifying problems and evaluating the patient' s
response to intervening changes. One vital sign can influence characteristics
of other vital signs.
The basic techniques of inspection, palpation and
auscultation are used to determine vital signs. Assessment of vital signs
allows the nurse to identify nursing diagnoses, to implement planned
intervention and to evaluate success. When the nurse learns the physiological
variables influencing vital signs and recognizes the relationship of vital sign
changes to other physiological assessment findings, precise determination of
the client' s health problems can be made.
Vital signs and normal ranges for
1. Temperature 36º to 38º C (96.4 to 98.6 F)
2. Pulse 60 -
100 beats / mt
3. Respiration 12 -
20 breaths / mt
pressure Average 120 / 80 mmHg
Guidelines for assessing vital signs
The nurse caring for the patient is responsible for
assessing vital signs. The nurse should obtain the vital signs, interpret their
significance and make decisions about interventions.
Equipment used to measure vital signs must work properly to
ensure accurate findings.
Equipment should be selected based on the client' s
condition and characteristics.
The nurse controls or minimizes environmental factors that
may affect vital signs.
The nurse uses an organized, systematic approach when taking
vital signs. Each procedure requires a step - by - step approach to ensure
The manner of approach to the patient can alter the vital signs. The nurse should approach the
patient in a calm caring manner while taking vital signs.
Based on patient' s condition, the nurse collaborates with
the physician to decide the frequency of vital signs assessment.
The nurse analyzes the results of vital signs measurement. The nurse is often in
the best position to assess all clinical finding about a patient.
The nurse verifies and communicates significant changes in
vital signs. The nurse informs the physician of abnormal vital signs.
Vital signs are documented and communicated to the nurse
assuming care of the patient and well of patient.