![if !IE]> <![endif]>
Taxes and Development
The role of taxation in developing economies is as follows.
1. Resource mobilisation: Taxation enables the government to mobilise a substantial amount of revenue. The tax revenue is generated by imposing direct taxes such as personal income tax and corporate tax and indirect taxes such as customs duty, excise duty, etc.
2. Reduction inequalities of income: Taxation follows the principle of equity. The direct taxes are progressive in nature. Also certain indirect taxes, such as taxes on luxury goods, is also progressive in nature.
3. Social welfare: Taxation generates social welfare. Social welfare is generated due to higher taxes on certain undesirable products like alcoholic products.
4. Foreign exchange: Taxation encourages exports and restricts imports, Generally developing countries and even the developed countries do not impose taxes on export items.
5. Regional development: Taxation plays an important role in regional development, Tax incentives such as tax holidays for setting up industries in backward regions, which induces business firms to set up industries in such regions.
6. Control of inflation: Taxation can be used as an instrument for controlling inflation. Through taxation the government can control inflation by reducing the tax on the commodities.
1. Tax is compulsory to the government without getting any direct benefits
2. If the element of revenue for general purpose of the state predominates, the levy becomes a tax
3. Tax is a compulsory payment
4. If tax is imposed on a person, he has to pay it; otherwise he has to be penalised
5. In this case, tax payer does not expect any direct benefit
6. Example: Income tax, gift box, wealth tax, VAT etc.
1. Fee is the payment for getting any service
2. While a fee is a payment for a specific benefit privilege although the special to the primary purpose of regulation in public interest.
3. Fee is a voluntary payment.
4. On the other hand fee is not paid if the person do not want to get the service
5. Fee payer can get direct benefit for paying fee.
6. Examples: stamp fee, driving license fee, government registration fee
Copyright © 2018-2023 BrainKart.com; All Rights Reserved. Developed by Therithal info, Chennai.