The history of India began in the pre-historic times about 2 million years ago.
Numerous groups of people moved into this land from the pre-historic times. These groups adapted to their environment and created specific ways of life according to the ecological moorings.
People who made hand axes lived in India from two million years ago. Various communities occupied the entire breadth and width of the country from the Mesolithic times and laid the cultural foundations of India.
The combined contribution of all these groups contributed to India’s pluralistic culture today.
The diverse languages and cultures of India reveal the complex processes associated with Indian history.
The first urbanisation emerged around the Indus Valley Civilisation about 2600 BCE. While Indus Valley Civilisation was a major cultural system in north-western India, several cultures existed across India contemporaneously.