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Man made Disasters - Road accident | 12th Geography : Chapter 8 : Man Made Disasters Public Awareness For Disaster Risk Reduction

Chapter: 12th Geography : Chapter 8 : Man Made Disasters Public Awareness For Disaster Risk Reduction

Road accident

Primary road safety risk factors in low and middle-income countries include:

Road accident

It is estimated that 1.34 million people are killed in the road accidents every year. Road accident is the 8th leading cause of death globally. Every year, up to 50 million people suffer serious, life-altering injuries which, in many low- and middle-income countries.

Primary road safety risk factors in low and middle-income countries include:

1. Speeding

2. Drink-driving

3. Non-use, or improper use of helmets, and

4. Non-use, or improper use of seatbelts

Strengthening the capability of the road traffic police to enforce traffic laws is fundamental to deterring road users from violating the laws, to reduce harm and to reduce inappropriate and unsafe behaviors on the roads.

Basic road safety rules for students:

1. Aware of the road signals

Assist students to learn the traffic lights and signs. Check out the relevance of each color:

* Green light is an indication for “go”- Whenever the signal turns green, the vehicle can move ahead.

* Red light is an indication “to stop”- All the vehicles have to stop, when the red light is on.

* Yellow light is an indication “to slow down”- When the yellow light turns on, you should slow down your vehicle and prepare to stop.

“Walking man” signal at intersections are constructed for the pedestrians. Recall the fact that you will be authorized to cross the road only when the signal turns green. Ensure that there are no vehicles, both on the left and right side of the road.

* Never attempt to cross the road, if the signboard signifies “Don’t walk” message or the walking symbol turns red.

2. Stop, look, and cross

In fact, students will either walk to school or to the bus stop for waiting their respective school bus. The only task of students is to cross the road prudently, right after the school bus drops them off. Hence, we should undertake the responsibility to provide adequate guidance for crossing the road cautiously.

We teach them to be aware of various road signs and recommend them to utilize the zebra crossing while crossing the road. If there are no markings or signs, the following procedures can be worthwhile:

* Check the right side, after that to the left side of the road for the incoming vehicles.

* If you notice a vehicle is approaching, wait for the vehicle to pass and then safely cross the road.

* Do not cross the road at the turns, it is unsafe.

* Never cross the road between the stopped vehicles.

However, accompaniment is required for the children aged below 6 years and you should compulsorily hold their hands while crossing the road.

3. Listen

Educate the child to be extra vigilant while they cross the road at the turns. As a consequence, listening can only aid them. For this reason, instruct your child to listen and ensure whether a vehicle is approaching or not. Ordinarily, vehicles apply horns at turns and at unmanned intersections to provide a warning to other road users. Meanwhile, you can interpret the following instances to students:

* If a horn is heard, stop and cross only after ensuring that no vehicle approaches you from left or right side of the road.

4. Don’t rush on roads

Students will not be tolerant and have a tendency to dash across the road to reach the other side. In addition, they become absent-minded when they are having fun and henceforth bound across or along the road. Therefore, teach them to remain placid while they are near the road.

5. Relevance of Sidewalks

Persuade students to avail the service of sidewalks whenever they walk on the road. Demonstrate them how to cross the road safely. Motivate them to avail the sidewalks even though it is not a busy street.

6. Crossroads and pedestrian crossings

Students will have a tendency to scoot across the street. This will become particularly perilous since vehicles will never slow down unless there is a cross road or relevant signal. Notify your students to cross only at intersections and avail the pedestrian crossings. If there is no crossroad or pedestrian crossing, you can admonish students to comply the rules mentioned above.

7. Place the hands inside the vehicle

A multitude of students have the habit of placing their hands outside the vehicle while it is moving. They will lay their head out and wave with exhilaration. This is a familiar sight among the school bus students. Nevertheless, these behaviors can have significant consequences. Due to carelessness, they will be injured by vehicles, which advance from the opposite direction.

8. Never cross road at bends

Bends are evidently the blind spot for motorists. When you attempt to cross at bends, the driver will be unable to recognize you and stop the car at the right time. As a result, students will be hurt while crossing at bends

9. Remain safe on a bicycle

If students ride bicycle to reach the school, ensure that they adhere to the following cycling rules:

* Utilize the bicycle lane. If such a lane does not exist, ride the bike either on the extreme left or right side of the road and glide along with the traffic.

* Never permit your students to ride on congested streets without your supervision.

10. Staying safe in a moving vehicle

In a moving vehicle, you can ensure the student’s safety with the assistance of a seat belt. Let them practice the following safety rules in your absence:

* Never stand, stroll or sprint inside a moving vehicle.

* Remain seated and hold the rails on the seats until the school bus halts.

Do not put your hands outside the moving vehicle.

11. Get off the vehicle at the curb side

Ask your students to memorize the following safety tips and conform to the rules while they get down from the school bus:

* Ensure that you reach the bus stop prior to the scheduled bus timing in order to avert the circumstance of running behind the school bus.

Form a queue to board or descend the school bus.

Disembark the school bus at the curbside in order to evade unnecessary endangerment and hindrance to other vehicles.

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