Anxiety disorder due to a general medical condition is diag-nosed when the prominent symptoms of anxiety are judged to result directly from a physiologic condition. The person may have panic attacks, generalized anxiety, or obsessions or compulsions. Medical conditions causing this disorder can include endocrine dysfunction, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, congestive heart failure, and neurologic conditions.
Substance-induced anxiety disorder is anxiety directly caused by drug abuse, a medication, or exposure to a toxin. Symptoms include prominent anxiety, panic attacks, pho-bias, obsessions, or compulsions.
Separation anxiety disorder is excessive anxiety con-cerning separation from home or from persons, parents, or caregivers to whom the client is attached. It occurs when it is no longer developmentally appropriate and before 18 years of age.
Adjustment disorder is an emotional response to a stressful event, such as one involving financial issues, medical illness, or a relationship problem, that results in clinically significant symptoms such as marked distress or impaired functioning.