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Chapter: 11th Nursing : Chapter 1 : Nursing - Origin and its Development

Qualities of a Nurse

Organizations provide a means through which united efforts are made to elevate standards of nursing education and practice.

Qualities of a Nurse


1. Love

Qualities like mercy, kindness, gentleness, patience and understanding.


2. Willingness and self sacrifice

These two qualities are complimentary to each other.  A nurse sacrifices her time, comfort and material benefits.


3. Reliability

She is trust worthy and competent. Tackles situations with alacrity


4. Courage

Ready to meet any problem with courage.


5. Loyalty

Her relationship with the patient associates by loyalty and honesty.


6. Observant

A nurse should anticipate and meet the patients needs.


7. Willingness to learn

Maintain her knowledge and skill at a consistently high level.


8. Co-operative and considerate

A nurse learns to live in harmony with patient, doctors and other members of the health team.


9. Cleanliness

She must be clean and tidy, demand high standards of cleanliness.


10. Assertiveness

Nurse should possess the components of assertiveness such as self Esteem, self Knowledge, Respect for others and clear communication.


Functions of Nurse


Professional Organizations

Organizations provide a means through which united efforts are made to elevate standards of nursing education and practice. It also offers a means of voicing and opinions, developing our abilities and keeping informed of new trends.

A. World Health Organization (WHO)

The world Health Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations. It was organized in 1948 to achieve the highest possible level of health for all people. The WHO is also active in nursing education and practice in a number of ways in India:

B. The International Council of Nurses (ICN)

The International Council of Nurses was founded in 1899 by Mrs. Bedford Fenwick.

C. The Indian Nursing Council (INC)

The Indian Nursing Council was authorized by the Indian Nursing Council Act of 1947. It was established in 1949 to provide uniform standards in nursing education and reciprocity in nursing registration throughout the country.

D. TamilNadu Nurses and Mid-Wives council

Every professional nurses in the nursing professions, either here or abroad must be registered with the one of the state Nurses Registration Councils. The state council functions as an official to control the standards of the nursing practice


Volunteer Health Organization

A. The International Red Cross Society

The International League of Red Cross was formed in 1919 after world war1.


The body meets once in four years. It supports unity in the work of all of these originations and promotes governmental support of the Red Cross Activities.

B. The Indian Red Cross Society

The Indian Red Cross Society was established in 1920, with major aims of helping others from a neutral point. It gives relief to needy and suffering people at times of major disasters and in times of wars.


1. Gives financial aid to social welfare institutions.

2. Operates blood banks throughout India.

3. It teaches First aid.

C. Youth Red Cross Society

The involvement and contribution of young people to the work of the Red Cross originated in the province of Quebec, Canada in 1914, when school Children first participated in the humanitarian work of the Red Cross work by making bandages, dressings and other comforts for soldiers.


In channelling and guiding this young people in the cause of humanitarian action.

D. United Nations International Children’s Educational Fund (UNICEF)

UNICEF is an agency of the United Nations. It was founded in 1946 for the purpose of helping mothers and children


UNICEF in India has provided teaching equipments for nursing education, textbooks and visual aids for schools and colleges of nursing and training for personal to help with the health of mothers and children.


Professional Associations

A. Trained Nurses Association of India(TNAI)

The Trained Nurses Association of India is a largest national professional association of nurses in India. It was established in 1922.


1. Upholding the dignity and honour of the nursing profession.

2. Promoting the sense of unity among all nurses.

3. Enabling members to discuss together on matters relating to their profession.

B. Student Nurses Association of India (SNA)

The students Nurses Association organised in 1929 is associated under the jurisdiction of the TNAI.


1. To help the student nurses learn how the professional organizations serve to uphold the dignity and the ideals of the nursing profession.

2. To furnish student nurses in the courses of study leading to professional qualification.

C. Christian Medical Association of India

The Nurse’s League of the Christian Medical Association was founded in 1930.


1. To promote co-operation and encouragement among Christian nurses.

2. To promote efficiency in nursing education and services.

3. To secure the highest standard possible in Christian Nursing Education through the Christian schools of Nursing and

4. To consider the special work and problems of Christian nurses working.

Nursing considered to be an occupation now attains the status of profession.

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11th Nursing : Chapter 1 : Nursing - Origin and its Development : Qualities of a Nurse |

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