To ensure adequate removal of
To prevent cross- infection of
Clean technique is synonym for
medical asepsis and is required to be maintained to break the infection chain
incase of infections that are readily transmissible between the individuals.
group the patients with different
diseases according to their mode of transmission in order to use proper
protective measures and facilitate the plan of nursing care.
Observe the following when washing
Remove all jewellery and wrist
Trim your nails.
Use warm water.
Rinse the soap well before returning
it to the soap dish.
Clean or sterilize (as necessary)
the supplies used for one patient before using the same for the next patient.
Never shake linen but dust using a
damp duster to remove the dust effectively.
Carry soiled materials, e.g. linen
away from your uniform so that it may not become a source of transmission of
Never throw soiled linen on the
floor to prevent addition of more pathogens to it but dispose of immediately in
a covered receptacle.
Discard or return for recleaning any
article dropped on the floor.
Provide adequate tissue/gauze
supplies and container for disposal to the patients. Ask the patient to cover
nose and mouth when coughing, sneezing or laughing to prevent spread of
pathogens by air borne droplets.
Be aware of clean (clean utility
room counter) and dirty (dirty utility room counter to be recleaned) areas in a
unit and never interchange these areas.
Keep supplies as minimum as possible
in the patient' s room.
Minimize the number of visitors and
do not allow the children under 12 years in the hospital wards.
Teach the patients and relatives
about the spread and prevention of infection
Keep yourself healthy by
Observing good health habits.
Maintaining clean/medical aseptic
practices eg hand washing and never touching your face, eyes or hair.
Keeping the supplies away from you
when brushing , dusting or scrubbing them.
Soap and brush
Remove wrist watch and jewellery.
Stand near the sink in a comfortable
position and be careful about the uniform.
Open the tap, check the temperature
of water, it should be warm.
Wet hands and forearms, holding
hands below the elbow level and fingers pointing downward.
Apply soap (or any detergent) .
Rinse soap and return its place.
Rub palms for 10 seconds, backs of
hands for 10 seconds and fingers 10 seconds using circular motions and friction
( total 30 seconds of half minute). Interlace the
fingers and thumbs to clean the
fingers quickly and efficiently. Use brush to dislodge the dirt from under the
Rinse the hands well, holding hands
Apply soap one forearm working from
above the hand, towards elbow and rub for 15 seconds using circular motions and
friction. Repeat the procedure on the other forearm (total 30 seconds or half
minute), Rinse forearms and hands well from below the elbows toward the finger
Repeat the procedure to ensure
through cleanliness( total 60 seconds or one minute)
Dry the arms and hands well from
elbows to hands and discard the towel.
Turn off the tap using your elbow of
a paper towel and discard it.
hands touch the sink or other object accidently, repeat the whole procedure.