Post-War Welfare States in Europe
Welfare State refers to the concept that the government is responsible for the
social and economic welfare of the people, thus expanding the role of the state
beyond providing defence and maintaining law and order.
the Report commonly known as the Beveridge Report was published in the United
Kingdom which proposed a series of measures which the government should adopt
to provide citizens with adequate income, health care, education, housing and
employment to overcome poverty and disease which were the major impediments to
War, the Labour party was voted into power in Britain. It promised to undertake
steps to look after the people “from the cradle to the grave”. Legislation was
enacted to provide comprehensive free health coverage to the citizens through
the National Health Service and monetary benefits like old page pensions and
unemployment benefits, childcare services and family welfare services. These
are in addition to universal, free school education to all children.
benefits can either be achieved through cash transfers, like old age pensions
and unemployment compensation, or through free services. In addition, these
countries also try to minimize economic disparities through progressive
taxation by taxing the higher income groups at relatively high rates.