Tamil Nadu stands sixth in population with 7.21 crore against India’s 121 crore as per 2011 census. However, Tamil Nadu’s population is higher than that of several countries according to UN Report.
The density of population which measures population per sq.km is 555 (2011) against 480 (2001) . Tamil Nadu ranks 12th in density among the Indian States and overall it is 382 for India.
Tamil Nadu is the most urbanized state with 48.4% of urban population against 31.5% for India as a whole. The State accounts for 9.61% of total urbanites in India against 6% share of total population.
Balanced sex ratio implies improvement in quality of life of female population. The sex ratio in Tamil Nadu is nearing balance with 995 which is far better compared to most of the States and all India level. Tamil Nadu stands third next only to Kerala state and Puduchery Union Territory in sex ratio.
Tamil Nadu is well ahead of national average and other states in IMR. According to NITI AAYOG, the IMR is 17 (per 1000) for Tamil Nadu which is just half of national average of 34 as on 2016.
Tamil Nadu has a good record of controlling MMR, ranking third with 79 (Kerala 61, Maharashtra 67) against national average of 159 again half of the national average [NITI AAYOG].
The average period that a person may expect to live is called life expectancy. However, life expectancy in India still falls short of most developed and developing nations.
The literacy rate of Tamil Nadu is Is higher than in many States