Play the conversation
E. You may role – play the conversation.
Teacher: This is Mr. Gerund. You may have seem him after these verbs ‘enjoy; ‘finish; ‘keep; ‘mind; ‘suggest; ‘forgive; ‘excuse; ‘postpone; go’
Gerund: I come after a preposition too.
Teacher: Mr. Gerund comes in handy to describe a real action.
Infinitive: Hello friends, I am Infinitive. Words such as ‘like’, ‘refuse’ are followed by me.
Dinesh: I know you. I take your help to describe a general or future action.
(I think I need to get up early tomorrow to complete my grammar exercise.)
Divya: You have helped me to express ‘reason’, ’intention’,’ purpose’.
(I wish to finish my assigment by tonight.)
Gerund :Do you know, after verbs like ‘begin’,’ love’,’ continue’, ‘try’, ‘learn’, ‘start’, ‘neglect’, you can use either of us?
Infinitive: But remember we mean different things when used after ‘stop’.
Dinesh: Divya,When we saw Rajesh at the mall, I stopped to talk to him.Why didn’t you wait?
Divya: Don’t you know I stopped talking to him?
Gerund: I am also used after these phrases –‘It’s no use ‘ , ‘It’s no good‘
Dinesh and Divya: Thank you , mam. Bye Mr.Gerund and Ms.Infinitive.
F. Now, work in pairs and help Dinesh and Divya complete the exercise given below.
Where are the astronauts headed to?
1. Write the gerund/infinitive form of the verbs in the blanks.
1. The astronauts managed to complete (complete) their training in record time.
2. They learned how to survive (survive) in space without gravity.
3. The best astronaut almost quit try (try) to learn the complex information.
4. Their mission appeared to be (be) in jeopardy.
5. Then Marina encouraged him by saying, "It’s no good to quit (quit) the project right at the end."
6. Being an astronaut will enable you to achieve (achieve) great success in life.
7. If you give up studying (study) now, our mission will be scrubbed.
8. Think of your fellow astronauts who wouldn’t hesitate to help (help) you in time of trouble.
9. We astronauts must keep on Preparing (prepare) for our space launch.
10. Some say it’s no use travelling (travel) to distant planets, because it takes too long.
11. But we really want to visit (visit) other planets and find out if life exists on them.
12. Can you imagine walking (walk) up to a Martian and shaking hands and to say (say), “Hello, how are you? “
13. We really look forward to meet (meet) alien creatures and to find (find) out what they are really like.
14. Many scientists have warned us not to take (take) this dangerous journey, but we are not discouraged.
15. Travelling to far away planets involves risking (risk) our lives for the thrill of discovery.
16. However we won’t delay to blast (blast) off into space.
17. Would you like to accompany (accompany) us on our journey if you could?
18. During our training we have got used to being (be) weightless and living (live) under difficult conditions.
19. Scientists admit to to being (be) intensely curious about life on other planets.
20. I’m sure they would also enjoy travelling (travel) with our crew.
21. We told them to come (come) with us on our trip, but some of them think it is a waste of time searching (search) for life that doesn’t exist.
22. We have been taught how to endure (endure) hardships during our trai-ning and now we can’t afford to waste (waste) money.
We’re on our way!
Question: Which planet are the astronauts heading to first? Add the infinitives.
Neptune-10 Venus-09 Mars-18 Jupiter-11
Answer : The astronauts are heading first to Mars-18