Nutrition During Adolescence
The transition from childhood to adulthood is called adolescence. This period (13-18 years) is characterized by rapid growth and development at all levels i.e.,
CHANGE IN EATING HABITS
Psychological pressures on adolescents influence their eating habits. Boys generally tend to have a better appetite than girls and this helps them to meet their nutritional demands. The adolescent girls are at a disadvantage due to the following reasons.
with considerable amount of fat deposits and less physical activity than boys, girls may gain weight.
figure consciousness due to social pressure may force her into a self imposed crash diet for weight loss or self starvation leading to eating disorders like bulimia and anorexia nervosa.
The adolescents also develop a liking for fast foods which are nutritionally inadequate and rich in saturated fats and may skip meals at times.
Hence adolescents should be educated to consume a balanced nutritional diet including iron rich, calcium rich, protein rich foods and avoiding junk foods providing empty calories.
The adolescents should be advised not to miss meals and that, emotions should not dominate during meal times.
1. Binge eating
Binge eating is a eating disorder characterized by the consumption of a large amount of food in a small amount of time and may start at any age often not recognized till adulthood.
2. Anorexia nervosa
Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by refusal to eat and loss of body weight.
3. Bulimia nervosa
This is in quite contrast with anorexia nervosa. Bulimia nervosa is a eating disorder characterized by periods of bingeing and purging and developing unrealistic ideas about food.