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New Issue Market
The primary market refers to the set up by which the industry raises funds by issuing different types of securities. These securities are issued directly to the investors, both individual and institutions. The primary market discharges the important function of transfer of savings, especially of the individual, Government and public sector undertakings.
In the primary market, the new issues of securities are presented in the form of Public issues, Right issues and Private Placements. Its efficient operation is made possible by the financial inter media ries and financial institutions, who arrange long- term financial transactions for the clients.
Issues of the securities in the primary market may be made through
(ii) Offer for sale
(iii) Private placement. The securities offered
to the public through prospectus are directly subscribed by the investor. The issuing companies widely publicise the offer through various media. The Securities Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has classified various issues in Three groups i.e., New issues, Right issues and Preferentia l issues.
The SEBI has issued various guidelines regarding proper disclosure For investor‘s protection. These guidelines are required to be duly observed by the companies making issue of capital. The guidelines issued by the SEBI broadly cover the requirements regarding issue of capital by the companies. The guidelines are applicable to all the companies after the repeal of Controller of Capital Issues (CCI) Act 1947.
The boom in the primary capital market, that started in the mid-eighties and accelerated thereafter, started slowing down by 1995. There are several reasons for this slowing down of resource mobilization in the primary market. In particular, the low retur n on new issues, some resulting in stock market fiasco, seems to have shattered the confidence of the investors.
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