National Policy on Education
The first National Education Policy of 1968 marked a significant step in the history of education in post-independent India.
Education remained a state subject till December 1976. But now the education is in the concurrent list.
It aimed to promote national progress, a sense of common citizenship and culture and to strengthen national integration. In 1986, the Government of India introduced a New Education Policy. The aim of New Education Policy was to transfer a static society into a vibrant one with a commitment to development and change. It emphasised on equal opportunities for marginalised sections of the country and the removal of disparity through scholarships, adult education and open universities, especially for rural India. The New Education Policy called for a child-centred approach in primary education and launched Operation Blackboard to improve primary schools nationwide.
The New Education Policy was revised again in 1992. It envisaged the formulation of a National Curriculum Framework, emphasis on in-service education, improvement of facilities and streamlining of the evaluation system at the secondary stage.