Educational Development of Independent India
The new epoch-making era in the history of education was ushered with the attainment of independence in 1947. It brought a new hope, a new vision, a new future for the Indians. In 1948, Commission was appointed to present a report on University education. In pursuance of the Commission’s recommendations, University Grants Commission was constituted to determine the standard of higher education. One of the most important events that have taken place in the field of secondary education was the appointment of Secondary Education Commission in 1952–53. It suggested new organisational patterns, improvement in quality of textbooks, curriculum and methods of teachings. An education commision under the chairmanship of Dr. D.S. Kothari was appointed by the Government of India in 1964. Free and compulsory primary education for all children up to the age of 14 years and uniform educational structure of 10+2+3 pattern were its main recommendations.