meant by moral autonomy?
ü As already discussed, the practical aim in
studying and teaching this engineering ethics course is to foster the moral
autonomy of future engineers.
ü Autonomy means 'self-determining‘ or 'independent‘.
ü Moral autonomy is the ability to think
critically and independently about moral issues and apply this normal thinking
to situations that arise during the professional engineering practice.
ü In other words, moral autonomy means the skill
and habit of thinking rationally on ethical issues based on moral concern.
ü That is, it is concerned with the independent
attitude of an individual related to ethical issues.
ü It is the ability to arrive at reasoned moral
views based on the responsiveness to human values.
confronting moral dilemmas
In order to face/overcome the above said moral
dilemmas, one can follow one or more of the following steps.
Step 1: Identifying the pertinent moral factors and
reasons. It involves addressing solutions for conflicting responsibilities, opposing rights, and incompatible
Step 2: Collecting all the available moral
considerations, which are relevant to the moral factors involved.
Step 3: Ranking the above collected moral
considerations on the basis of importance as applicable to the particular situation.
Step 4: Making factual inquires. In other words,
finding alternative courses of actions to resolve the moral dilemmas and following the complete implications of
Step 5: Inviting discussions, suggestions from
colleagues, friends, and other involved persons to critically examine the moral dilemmas.
Step 6: Taking the final decision. That, is selecting
the more reasonable solution by weighing all the relevant moral factors and reasons.
In practice, exercising the above skill to face
moral dilemmas is very difficult. The study of engineering ethics helps the
engineers to develop and strengthen the skills in resolving various moral