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# Mensuration

Learning Outcomes: тАв To use HeronтАЩs formula for calculating area of triangles and quadrilaterals. тАв To find Total Surface Area (TSA), Lateral Surface Area (LSA) and Volume of cuboids and cubes.

MENSURATION The most beautiful plane figure is the circle and the most beautiful solid figure is the sphere. тИТ Pythagoras.

Heron of Alexandria was a Greek mathematician. He wrote books on mathematics, mechanics and physics. His famous book тАШMetricaтАЩ consists of three volumes. This book shows the way to calculate area and volume of plane and solid figures. Heron has derived the formula for the area of triangle when three sides are given. Heron A.D (C.E) 10-75

### Learning Outcomes

тАв To use HeronтАЩs formula for calculating area of triangles and quadrilaterals.

тАв To find Total Surface Area (TSA), Lateral Surface Area (LSA) and Volume of cuboids and cubes.

## Introduction

Mensuration is the branch of mathematics which deals with the study of areas and volumes of different kinds of geometrical shapes. In the broadest sense, it is all about the process of measurement.

Mensuration is used in the field of architecture, medicine, construction, etc. It is necessary for everyone to learn formulae used to find the perimeter and area of two dimensional figures as well as the surface area and volume of three dimensional solids in day to day life. In this chapter we deal with finding the area of triangles (using HeronтАЩs formula), surface area and volume of cuboids and cubes.

For a closed plane figure (a quadrilateral or a triangle), what do we call the distance around its boundary? What is the measure of the region covered inside the boundary?

In general, the area of a triangle is calculated by the formula Area = 1/2 ├Ч Base ├Ч Height sq. units

That is, A = 1/2 ├Ч b ├Ч h sq. units

where, b is base and h is height  of the triangle.

From the above, we know how to find the area of a triangle when its тАШbaseтАЩ and тАШheightтАЩ (that is altitude) are given.

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9th Maths : UNIT 7 : Mensuration : Mensuration |