PART 6: SYSTEM SECURITY
· Intruder Behavior Patterns
· Intrusion Techniques
o Intrusion Detection
· Audit Records
· Statistical Anomaly Detection
· Rule-Based Intrusion Detection
· The Base-Rate Fallacy
· Distributed Intrusion Detection
· Intrusion Detection Exchange Format
o Password Management
· Password Protection
· Password Selection Strategies
◆ Unauthorized intrusion into a computer system or network is one of the most serious threats to computer security.
◆ Intrusion detection systems have been developed to provide early warning of an intrusion so that defensive action can be taken to prevent or mini- mize damage.
◆ Intrusion detection involves detecting unusual patterns of activity or patterns of activity that are known to correlate with intrusions.
◆ One important element of intrusion prevention is password management, with the goal of preventing unauthorized users from having access to the passwords of others.
A significant security problem for networked systems is hostile, or at least unwanted, trespass by users or software. User trespass can take the form of unauthorized logon to a machine or, in the case of an authorized user, acquisition of priv- ileges or performance of actions beyond those that have been authorized. Software trespass can take the form of a virus, worm, or Trojan horse.
All these attacks relate to network security because system entry can be achieved by means of a network. However, these attacks are not confined to net- work-based attacks. A user with access to a local terminal may attempt trespass without using an intermediate network. A virus or Trojan horse may be introduced into a system by means of an optical disc. Only the worm is a uniquely network phenomenon. Thus, system trespass is an area in which the concerns of network security and computer security overlap.
Because the focus of this book is network security, we do not attempt a com- prehensive analysis of either the attacks or the security countermeasures related to system trespass. Instead, in this Part we present a broad overview of these concerns.
This chapter covers the subject of intruders. First, we examine the nature of the attack and then look at strategies intended for prevention and, failing that, detection. Next we examine the related topic of password management.