chapter discusses the major events that took place in India before and after
Independence. India was a colony for long. Colonialism refers to a system of
political and social relations between two countries, of which one is the ruler
and the other is its colony. The ruling country not only has political control
over the colony, but it also determines the economic policies of the subjugated
country. Thus, the people living in a colony cannot take independent decisions
in respect of utilisation of the country’s resources and important economic
activities. India had the bitter experience of colonialism.