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Chapter: Business Science : Managerial Behavior and Effectiveness : Designing The Managerial Job

Important Questions and Answers: Designing The Managerial Job

Business Science - Managerial Behavior and Effectiveness - Designing The Managerial Job - Important Questions and Answers: Designing The Managerial Job

1. What is Talent?


Talent means the skill that someone has quite naturally to do something that is hard. Someone who has talent is able to do something without trying hard. It is an ability that someone is born with. It is a high degree of ability or of aptitudes. People may have talent for music, dancing, acting, sport or other skills.


2. What is meant by Recruitment?


Recruitment refers to the overall process of attracting, selecting and appointing suitable candidates for jobs within an organisation, either permanent or temporary.


3. What is meant by Motivation?


Motivation is a theoretical construct, used to explain behavior. It is the scientific word used to represent the reasons for our actions, our desires, our needs, etc. Motives are hypothetical constructs, used to explain why people do what they do.


4. What is Executive Development?


Executive development is the whole of activities aimed at developing the skills and competencies of those that (will) have executive positions in organisations.


5. What is meant by Selection?


A selection test is a systematic and standardized procedure of sampling human behavior in order to obtain qualified applicants for organizational activities.


6. Classify the talents?


Striving, Thinking, Related talents.


7. What is Striving talents?

It explains why a personal is motivated to push of pull.

·        Stamina for physical Endure

·        Vision to picturise the future events


8. What is Related talents?


It explains whom he is the persons whom he trust, with whom he build relationship, with whom he confront and ignore.


9. What are the Managerial ability?


Supervisor ability, Intelligence , Initative,Interactomg ability, Organisation ability.


10. Identification of Managerial talents?


Performance appraisal, Job enlargement, Decentralisation & delegation, Participation of consultative management, Based on productivity, Orgn image, Orgn position in business setup, Public relations, Services provided, Product quality, Employees stability

11. What are the Internal sources of recruitment?


Orgn database, Job postings, Promotion, Transfer, Deputation, Current employee references, recruiting.


12. What are the External sources of recruitment?


Campus recruitment, Advertisment, Employment, Professional associates, Modem recruitment.


13. What are the Managerial skills?


Conceptual skills, Human skills,Technical skills.


14. What are the Factors Affecting Managerial Compensation?


Jobsize, Individual managerial characteristics, Managerial labour market, Product market conditions& employer‘s cost structure, Remuneration philosophy of the company, Job evaluation.


15. What are the Types of Managerial Compensation?


Merit pay, Performance based pay, Job competency pay method, Remuneration & Quality culture.


16.List out the Methods of Performance Apprasal?


Alphabetical/Numerical method, Trait rating scale, Behavourly anchored rating scales, Forced Distribution ratings, Ranking, Paired Comparison, MBO,Work std Approach, Written report/Narrative Essay, Critical incidents method.


17. Explain the Importance of motivation.


Productive use of Resources, Increase Efficiency & output, Achievements of Goals, Development of Friendly Relationship, Motivational Factors.


18. What are the Types of Rewards?


Incentive Bonsu, Excutive stock option, referred compensation, Executive Insurance, Executive prerequisites.


19. What are the Managerial career stage?


Trial stage, Establishment stage, Maintenance stage, Decline stage.


20.            How to Identify Talent?


·        Discover your strongest traits to find an ideal career path.


·        Know what natural talents you possess


·        Recognize and overcome negative character traits


·        Assess your successful and failed jobs


·        Envision your ideal career path


21.            State the Importance of Training Programs.


·        Training can develop high morale in employee.


·        Training leads to higher productivity.


·        Better quality of work


·        Reduced learning period


22. What is meant by Pay?


A salary is a form of periodic payment from an employer to an employee, which may be specified in an employment contract.


23. Explain types of rewards.


Extrinsic rewards: concrete rewards that employee receive.


1.     Bonuses


2.     Salary raise


3.     Gifts


4.     Promotion


Intrinsic rewards: tend to give personal satisfaction to individual


1.     Information / feedback


2.     Recognition


3.     Trust/empowerment


24.            What is career pathing?


Career Pathing: a process used by an employee to chart a course within an organization for his/her career path and career development.


25. Define 360 degree Performance appraisal.


360-degree feedback will include direct feedback from an employee's subordinates, peers (colleagues), and supervisor(s), as well as a self-evaluation. It can also include, in some cases, feedback from external sources, such as customers and suppliers or other interested stakeholders.


26. Define Reward.


Reward is something given or received in recompense for worthy behavior or in retribution for evil acts.


27. What Is Performance appraisal?


A performance appraisal is a systematic and periodic process that assesses an individual employee's job performance and productivity in relation to certain pre-established criteria and organizational objectives.


28. Who are all appraisers?


An appraisal is a professional appraiser's opinion of value. The preparation of an appraisal involves research into appropriate market areas; the assembly and analysis of information pertinent to a property; and the knowledge, experience, and professional judgment of the appraiser.


29. What you mean by Feedback?


Feedback is defined as a return of information about a result or the returned portion of a




30.            What are the stages in career?


a.     Exploration


b.     Establishment


c.      Mid-career


d.     Late career


e.      Decline


31.            What is meant by Career development?


Career Development is the lifelong process of managing learning, work, leisure, and transitions in order to move toward a personally determined and evolving preferred future.


32. What is Job enlargement?


Job enlargement is an increase in job tasks and responsibilities to make a position more challenging. It is a horizontal expansion, which means that the tasks added are at the same level as those in the current position.


33. What is Job rotation?


Job rotation in the workplace is a system where employees work at several jobs in a business, performing each job for a relatively short period of time.


34.            Explain the guidelines of feedback?


a.     Check your intention


b.     Ask permission


c.      Consider timing


d.     Be specific


e.      Be constructive


35.            What is career?


A career includes all the roles you undertake throughout your life - education, training, paid and unpaid work, family, volunteer work, leisure activities and more. "Career" was traditionally associated with paid employment and referred to a single occupation.


36. What is Managerial career planning?


Analysing managers nees of asperations, Analysing career opportunity, Identify consurrence & unconcurrence.


37. What is Organisation career planning?


To assess managerial requirements, career path for each managers, Integrate career goals of organisation needs, Initiate career development efforts


38. What are the perspectives of career management?


"career perspective" will affect how you view your own career, but economic realities could dictate that you will change occupations or employers at least once.


1.     Make It Personal


2.     Recognize Differences


3.     Seek a Perspective


4.     What You're Worth


39.            What is meant by Job enrichment?


Job enrichment is an attempt to motivate employees by giving them the opportunity to use the range of their abilities.



40. What is meant by career planning?


Career planning is an ongoing process that can help you manage your learning and development


41. What you mean by balanced scorecard?


The balanced scorecard is a strategic planning and management system that is used extensively in  business  and  industry,  government,  and  nonprofit  organizations  worldwide  to  align  business activities to the vision and strategy of the organization, improve internal and external communications, and monitor organization.



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