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Civil - Estimation and Quantity Surveying - Estimate of Buildings

**ESTIMATE OF BUILDINGS**

**1..What
are methods to be adopted for volume calculating?**

•
From cross-section

•
From spot level

•
From contours

**2.Define analysis of rates. **

Determination of rates of works
from the qualities and cost of materials and labours required is termed as
analysis of rates

**3.Define a tender. **

Tender is
an offer given in writing to execute specified articles or materials at a
certain

rate, within a fixed time, under certain conditions of
agreement between the contractor and the party, which may be a government
department or an individual.

**4.Define ****'****contract****'**

Contract is merely an agreement
being enforceable by law between two persons or

parties.

**5.What
are the types of culvert?**

1. Arch
culvert

2. Slab
culvert

3. Pipe
culvert

4. Box
culvert

**6.what
are the methods of estimate?**

1.Detailed estimate

2. Abstract
estimate

**7. ****What are
the types of estimate? **

1 Preliminary
Estimate or Rough cost estimate

2. Plinth
area estimate

3. Cube Rate
Estimate or Cubical Content Estimate

4. Approximate
Quantity Method Estimate

5. Detailed
Estimate or Item Rate Estimate 6.Revised Estimate

7. Supplementary
Estimate And Revised Estimate. 8.Annual Repair or Maintenances Estimate

9. Supplementary
Estimate

**8. ****Briefly
explain about preliminary Estimate. **

The estimate which prepared using
any rough method to get the approximate cost construction anticipated in a
project is called an approximate or rough estimate. Since this estimate is
normally prepared in the preliminary estimate.

**9.Estimate the quantities of brickwork and
plastering required in a wall 4m long, 3m high and 30 cm thick. Calculate also
the cost if the rate of brickwork is Rs.32.00 per cu.m and of plastering is Rs.
8.50 per sq.m**

Quantities of
brickwork = LxBxH

= 4m x 3m x 0.30m

= 3.6 cu.m Quantity of plastering
(two faces) = 2 x 4m x 3m

= 24sq.m Cost of brickwork =3.6 x 320.00

= Rs.1152.00 Cost of plastering = 24x 8.50

= Rs.204.00

Total cost =1152.00 + 204.00 = Rs.1356.00

**10.
Define detailed estimate**

The estimate, which provides the
itemwise quantities of works, item wise unit rates and itemwise expenditure
anticipated in thre project/construction, is called a detailed estimate

**11.
Define Abstract estimate**

This is the third and final stage
in a detailed estimate. The quantities and rates of each item of work, arrived
in the first two stages, are now entered in an abstract form. The total cost of
each item of work is now calculated by multiplying the quantities and
respective rates.

**12.
Define quantity surveyor**

A qualified or experienced person
who does the above mentioned works (taking off, squaring, abstracting and
billing) is called a quality surveyor

**13.
****Write the duties of quantity surveyor. **

•
Preparing bill of quantities (Taking off,
squaring, Abstracting and billing)

•
Preparing bills for part payments at intervals
during the execution of work.

•
Preparing bill of adjustment in the case of
variations ordered during the execution of work

•
Giving legal advice in case of court proceedings

**14.
****Write the essential qualities of a good
surveyor. **

•
The quality surveyor must be well versed with the
drawings of work.

•
He should be able to read the drawing correctly
and bill the quantities accurately

•
He
should have a
through knowledge of
the construction procedure
to be

adopted,
the various items of works involved in the execution: and the different
materials to be used in the work.

•
He should be able to prepare schedule to be priced
by tenderor.

**15.
****What are the main components of culvert? **

1.Abutments
2.Wing walls 3.Arch

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Civil : Estimation and Quantity Surveying : Estimate of Buildings : Important Question And Answer: Civil - Estimation and Quantity Surveying - Estimate of Buildings |

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