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Chapter: 12th Zoology : Human Health and Diseases

Human Health and Diseases: Evaluation

Zoology : Human Health and Diseases - Important Questions and choose the correct answer - Zoology

Evaluation

 

1. Malaria caused by Plasmodium is transmitted through--------

a) Air

b) Contact

c) Fleas on food

d) Mosquito bites

 

2. A 30 year old woman has bleedy diarrhoea for the past 14 hours, which one of the following organisms is likely to cause this illness?

a) Streptococcus pyogens

b) Clostridium difficile

c) Shigella dysenteriae

d) Salmonella enteritidis

 

3. Which of the following disease is spread through droplet nuclei?

a) Tularemia

b) Listeriosis

c) Chicken pox

d) Mumps

 

4. Exo-erythrocytic schizogony of Plasmodium takes place in -------

a) RBC

b) Leucocytes

c) Stomach

d) Liver

 

5. The sporozoites of Plasmodium vivax are formed from ------------

a) Gametocytes

b) Sporoblasts

c) Oocysts

d) Spores

 

6. Poliomyelitis which causes infantile paralysis enters the body through……….

a) Skin

b) Mouth and nose

c) Ears

d) Eyes

 

7. Amphetamines are stimulants of the CNS, whereas barbiturates are ----

a) CNS stimulant

b) both a and b

c) hallucinogenic

d) CNS depressants

 

8. Marijuana is extracted from

a) Dried leaves and flowers of hemp plant.

b) Ergot fungus

c) Roots of hemp plant

d) Cocoa plant

 

9. Choose the correctly match pair.

a) Amphetamines - Stimulant

b) LSD - Narcotic

c) Heroin - Psychotropic

d) Benzodiazepine - Pain killer

 

10. The Athlete’s foot disease in human is caused by-------

a) Bacteria

b) Fungi

c) Virus

d) Protozoan

 

11. Cirrhosis of liver is caused by chronic intake of ------

a) Opium

b) Alcohol

c) Tobacco

d) Cocaine

 

12. The sporozoite of the malarial parasite is present in ----

a) saliva of infected female Anopheles mosquito.

b) RBC of human suffering from malaria.

c) Spleen of infected humans.

d) Gut of female Anopheles mosquito.

 

13. Haemozoin is

a) A precursor of haemoglobin.

b)A toxin from Streptococcus.

c) A toxin from Plasmodium species.

d) A toxin from Haemophilus species.

 

14. The drug synthesised from Datura is

a) Hallucinogen

b) Depressant

c) Stimulant

d) Pain killer

 

15. Where do the following events in the life cycle of Plasmodium takes place?

a) Fertilization - _________

b) Development of gametocytes - ____

c) Release of sporozoites - ________

d) Schizogony - _________

 

16. Match the pathogens with respective diseases caused by them and select the correct match using the codes given below. Codes

I. Leishmania donavani - 1. Malaria I II III IV

II. Wuchereria bancrofti - 2. Amoebiasis a) 1 4 2 3

III. Trypanosoma gambiense - 3. Kala – azar b) 3 5 4 2

IV. Entamoeba histolytica - 4. Sleeping sickness c) 3 5 2 4

5. Filariasis d) 1 4 3 2

 

17. Complete the following table

Diseases : Causative agent - Site of infection - Incubation period

Mumps  :

Chicken pox  :

Dengue fever  :


 

18. List the causative agent, mode of transmission and symptoms for Diphtheria and Typhoid.

 

19. Compare and contrast bacillary dysentery and amoebic dysentery.

 

20. A patient was hospitalized with fever and chills. Merozoites were observed in her blood. What is your diagnosis?

 

21. (i) Write the scientific name of the filarial worm that causes filariasis. (ii) Write the symptoms of filariasis. (iii)How is this disease transmitted?

 

22. List the common withdrawal symptoms of drugs and alcohol abuse.

 

23. Complete the given table.


 

24. What is Kala-azar?

 

25. Why do you think it is not possible to produce vaccine against 'common cold'?



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Study Material, Lecturing Notes, Assignment, Reference, Wiki description explanation, brief detail


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