Historical development of obstetrics
Usually women have cared for other child bearing women through out much of human history. Birth practices in ancient cultures of the world that did not develop written language and relied only on oral transmission of knowledge have been lost or can be reconstructed only by examining current “Primitive” practices. The routes of maternity care in the Western world are also ancient; the first recorded obstetric practices are found in Egyptian records dating back to 1500 B.C Practices such as vaginal examination and the use of birth aids are referred to in writings from the Greek and Roman empires, but much of their information was lost in the dark ages. Advance in medicine made during the renaissance in Europe led to the modern “Scientific” age of obstetric care. Significant discoveries and invitations by Physicians in the 16th and 17th centuries let the stage for scientific progress.