Genetically Modified Organisms
The process of artificially introducing foreign genes into
organisms is termed transfection, and the recombinant organ-isms produced in this
way are called transgenic or genetically modified organisms.
Foreign genes have been inserted into a variety of microbes,
plants, and animals through recombinant DNA techniques developed especially for
them. Transgenic “designer” organ-isms are available for a variety of
biotechnological applications. Because they are unique life forms that would
never have other-wise occurred, they can be patented.