Genetically Modified Organisms
The process of artificially introducing foreign genes into organisms is termed transfection, and the recombinant organ-isms produced in this way are called transgenic or genetically modified organisms.
Foreign genes have been inserted into a variety of microbes, plants, and animals through recombinant DNA techniques developed especially for them. Transgenic “designer” organ-isms are available for a variety of biotechnological applications. Because they are unique life forms that would never have other-wise occurred, they can be patented.