Frontiers and Boundaries
International frontiers and boundaries separate land, rivers and lakes
subject to different sovereignties. In 1900 frontiers had almost disappeared and
had been replaced by boundaries that are lines. A Frontier is a politico geographical
area, lying beyond defined borders of a political unit into which expansion could
between Frontier and Boundary
Aboundaryisalinedemarcating the recognised limit of an established
political unit, administrative region or geographical region e. g a state, country
China has the maximum number
of neighbours touching its border. The 14 countries touching its border are: India,
Pakistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Russia, North
Korea, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar, Bhutan and Nepal
Canada,the world’s second
largest country, shares the longest international land border with the United States.
The Canada-US land border is 8,893 km long.
Boundaries can be classified according
to their relationship with the cultural landscape. Some boundaries were established
prior to the permanent occupation of areas by the present inhabitants. In some cases
patterns of settlement were already developing so that the boundary ultimately established
has a different relationship to the cultural realities of the area involved. This
classification is known as the functional or genetic classification of boundaries.
The boundaries drawn before the cultural-political
Such boundaries were non-contentious.
.g, N. Africa and the state boundaries of
The Subsequent Boundaries
When the cultural realms are fully developed
& political boundaries are contentious.
Such boundaries are irregular or amorphic
E.g. the countries of Europe.
When a political boundary divides a homogenous
cultural region and across the boundary the people with similar ethnicity are found.
E.g. Pakistan occupied Kashmir
Historical boundaries which only exist
in the books.
E .g. Persia, the boundary between east & West Germany.