the act of assigning formal authority and responsibility for completion of
specific activity given to a subordinate. It is necessary for the efficient
functioning of any organisation, because no manager can personally accomplish
whatever he is to achieve or supervise and monitor that is going on in an
organisation at a given point of time. The manager must delegate some of the
simple and more routine tasks to his ubordinates so that he can devote more
time to more complex and non routine activities of the organisation. The act of
delegation not only saves time for the superior to invest more time in complex
problems, it also enhances the capability of the subordinates as well.
simply a matter of assigning a part of work by the superior to his subordinate
which the superior does not have the time to do it. One individual cannot
perform all the activities in an organisation, so the authority and
responsibility is shared with someone. Delegation refers to sharing of
authority and responsibility, in delegation the task to be performed are
identified and assigned it to the subordinates.
F.G. More, “Delegation
means assigning work to others and
giving them authority to do it”. According to O.S. Hiner defines, “Delegation takes place when one person gives another the right to perform work on
his behalf and in his name, and the second person accepts a corresponding duty
or obligation to do what is required of him”.