I. Production System Facilities
a. Low Quantity Production
b. Medium Quantity Production
c. High Production
II. Manufacturing Support Systems
in Production Systems
a. Automated Manufacturing Systems
b. Computerized Manufacturing Support Systems
c. Reasons for Automating
Labor in Production Systems
a. Manual Labor in Factory Operations
b. Labor in the Manufacturing Support Systems
V. Automation Principles and Strategies
a. USA Principle
b. Ten Strategies of Automation and Production
c. Automation Migration Strategy
VI. Organization of the Book
session is about production systems that are used to manufacture products and
the parts assembled into those products.The production
system is the collection of people, equipment, and procedures, organized to
accomplish the manufacturing operations of a company (or other organization).
Production systems can be divided into two categories or levels as indicated in
1. Facilities.The facilities of the production
system consist of the factory, the equipment
in the factory, and the way the equipment is organized.
2. Manufacturing support systems. This is
the set of procedures used by the company to
manage production and to solve the technical and logistics problems
encountered in ordering materials, moving work through the factory, and
ensuring that products meet quality standards. Product design and certain
business functions are included among the manufacturing support systems.
manufacturing operations, portions of the production system are automated
and/or computerized. However, production systems include people. People make
these systems work. In general, direct labor people (blue collar workers) are responsible for operating the facilities,
and professional staff people (white
collar workers) are responsible for the manufacturing support systems.
introductory chapter, we consider these two aspects of production systems and
how they are sometimes automated and/or computerized in modern industrial
practice. In Chapter 2, we examine the manufacturing operations that the
production systems are intended to accomplish.