Home | Composition of breast milk

Chapter: 11th 12th std standard Class Nursing Health Care Hospital Hygiene Higher secondary school College Notes

Composition of breast milk

Soon after delivery small quantities of thick, yellowish, viscous liquid called colostrum is secreted which is rich in antibodies and Vitamin A. This should be given to the baby and not discarded.

Composition of breast milk

 

Soon after delivery small quantities of thick, yellowish, viscous liquid called colostrum is secreted which is rich in antibodies and Vitamin A. This should be given to the baby and not discarded.

After a few days of lactation the mother secretes larger amounts of less viscous and whitish milk known as 'mature milk' which is more or less a complete food nutritionally. A healthy mother secretes 850ml of milk daily for which her nutritional needs are increased enormously.

 

gives the composition of mother's milk.

Composition of mother's milk

Nutrient     Quantity / 100 ml

         

Energy        65 k.cal

Protein        1.1g

Carbohydrate       7.4g

Fat    3.4g

Calcium      28mg

Iron   Negligible

Vitamin A (Retinol)       137 I.U.

Thiamine    0.02 g

Riboflavin   0.02 g

Vitamin C   3mg

 

Source : Gopalan C., Ramasastri B.V. and Balasubramanian S.C., (2000). Nutritive value of Indian Foods, NIN, ICMR, Hyderabad, India.


The process of milk production and secretion occurs in two distinct stages.

 

i. Prolactin reflex

 

When the baby sucks the breast, nerve impulses are passed up the spinal cord to the hypothalamus which stimulates anterior pituitary leading to the secretion of prolactin. Prolactin is carried via the blood stream to the alveoli in the breasts where it stimulates milk production.

 

ii. Let down reflex

 

When the baby sucks, nerve impulses are passed to the posterior pituitary producing another hormone, oxytocin. Oxytocin contracts the muscle cells around the alveoli, squeezing out milk and propelling it down to the nipples.

 

The let down reflex is highly sensitive to emotional and psychological disturbances as well as physical contact. The mother's emotions, the baby's cry or even the baby's thought might initiate this reflex. On the other hand, anxiety, fear and tension may inhibit this reflex. Hence the mother should be comfortable and relaxed while feeding the baby.

These two reflexes operate simultaneously and release milk. Fig.  represents the process of stimulation of milk production.

As long as pituitary produces these lactogenic hormones, it cannot produce sufficient Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) and Leutenizing Hormone (LH) which bring about ovulation. Thus lactation brings about natural contraception.



Study Material, Lecturing Notes, Assignment, Reference, Wiki description explanation, brief detail
11th 12th std standard Class Nursing Health Care Hospital Hygiene Higher secondary school College Notes : Composition of breast milk |


Privacy Policy, Terms and Conditions, DMCA Policy and Compliant

Copyright © 2018-2023 BrainKart.com; All Rights Reserved. Developed by Therithal info, Chennai.