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Chapter: 11th 12th std standard Class Nursing Health Care Hospital Hygiene Higher secondary school College Notes

Attending Hair Care - Washing

Purpose : To keep the hair clean and healthy. To prevent itching , infection infestation. To provide a sense of well being. To destroy pediculi.

ATTENDING HAIR CARE - WASHING

 

Purpose

            To keep the hair clean and healthy.

 

            To prevent itching , infection infestation.

 

            To  provide a  sense of well being.

 

            To destroy pediculi.

 

Supplies

 

            Combing - hair oil, comb and paper bag.

 

            Washing

 

a.  A tray containing

 

            Hot and cold water in jugs.

 

            A basin and a mug.

             Protective sheets- two, one large and one small.

   A piece   of bandage.

 

             Soap/shampoo.

 

             Little cotton in bowl.

 

             Wash cloth.

 

             Bath towel.

 

            Hot water bottle with cover. b. Bucket - one

 

N.B. Make a trough of large protective sheet with a piece of bandage rolled in it.

            Treating pediculosis

 

            Pediculosis capits (Head louse)

 

             A gown for the nurse.

 

             A tray containing

 

           Fine tooth comb

 

             Parasiticide

 

               Antiseptic lotion in a kidney tray and paper bag.

               Supplies for washing hair in bed (as above) incase patient is bedridden.

 

            Pediculosis corporis or vestimenti(Body louse) - Refer Antiseptic Bath in procedure 'Appling Hot Applications'.

 

            Pediculosis pubis (Crab louse)

 

             A tray containing

 

           Protective sheet and towel.

 

             Bowl of warm water.

 

                Razor and blade.

 

               Soap and brush.

 

            Antiseptic lotion in a kidney tray and paper bag.

 

Forceps to pick up lice from eye brows and eyelashes.

Guidelines

 

            Combing Hair are combed and arranged in the style the patient prefers at least twice a day.

            When washing the hair, follow as under

 

            The patients are given hair wash at least once a week and bedridden patients are given hair wash in bed.

 

            Avoid hair wash for the patient who has just taken meals atleast for an hour.

            Avoid exposure and chilling by

 

            Keeping the patient covered with top clothes.

 

            Closing the windows and doors of the room.

 

            Keeping the room warm.

 

            Finishing the hair wash quickly.

 

            If the patient is very sick, note pulse before and after the hair wash.

 

            Do not let the patient exert. Try to avoid exertion to the patient as far as possible.

            When treating pediculosis , nurse must have following information.

            The pediculi are small, grey coloured, blood sucking parasites which live for several days in the hair. The female lays about 50 eggs/nits which are grey or white in colour, cling to hair and hatch in about one week.

 

            The symptoms of  pediculi are

 

            Itching

 

            Scalp, neck and behind ears in head louse.

 

            All over the body in body louse.

 

            On and around the part affected in crab louse.

 

            Rash

 

            Neck and behind ears in head louse

 

            All over the body in body louse.

 

            On and around the part affected in crab louse.

            Sores

 

            Scalp in head louse.

 

            Body in body louse.

 

            On the part affected in crab louse.

 

            Restlessness and irritability c. The common parasiticides used are

 

            Mediker

 

            Cyban

 


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11th 12th std standard Class Nursing Health Care Hospital Hygiene Higher secondary school College Notes : Attending Hair Care - Washing |


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