Pregnancy is a state of carrying
fetus inside uterus by a woman from conception to birth. Gestation is the term
given to pregnancy.
Prenatal is the period from conception to birth.
is the period from the initiation of labour pain till
Postnatal is the period from birth
to 42 days Otherwise called as puerperium.
Prenatal or antenatal care:
supervision of a woman during pregnancy
is called antenatal care. The
supervision should be of a regular and
periodic nature in accordance with the principles laid down or more frequently
according to the need of the individual.
is the education, supervision and treatment to a pregnant woman so that her
pregnancy and labour will terminate with delivery of a mature healthy living
baby, without injury to the mind or body of the mother.
The objective of Antenatal care is to ensure a normal
pregnancy with delivery of a healthy baby from a healthy mother.
Aims of antenatal care:
of antenatal care are
to monitor the progress of pregnancy
in order to ensure maternal health and normal fetal development.
to recognise the deviation from the
normal and provide management or treatment as required.
to ensure that the woman reaches the
end of her pregnancy physically and emotionally prepared for her delivery.
to identify high risk pregnancy and
for their proper management.
to reduce or prevent maternal and
perinatal mortality and morbidity
to help and support the mother in
breast feeding and parenting.
to offer family welfare advices on